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Arizema is a perennial reaching a height of 90 centimeters. The tubers of the plant have a diameter of up to 6 centimeters, the roots are thick, the leaves are palmate. The plant is interesting in the shape of the flower - it is, as it were, under the coverlet.
Arizema is a flower with bright red berries. The plant prefers shaded areas with nutritious and well-drained soil. After landing, the implementation of the hilling.
To make the flower feel good, it is recommended to tie it to pegs. In winter, the plant is covered with leaves. Reproduction - using seeds or vegetatively.
Arizema is actively used to decorate rockeries located in the shade, and to create a landscape near water bodies.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about popular aquatic plants for a pond.
In the genus of arizema, there are about 150 species. Almost all of them grow in South America and East Asia. Only 10 plant types can be grown in the subtropics and temperate zone.
Flowering is noted in late spring or early summer. Then the arizema fades, and red shiny fruits form on the cobs. Since arisema, the cultivation of which is not difficult, is poisonous, it should be handled with caution.
Three Leaf Arizema
Grows in the forests of North America. Leaves of impressive size, petioles up to 50 centimeters long. The bract has a dark purple color, there are white narrow stripes.
American variety. In height, an adult plant grows up to 90 centimeters. The coverlet can be green or purple. The inflorescence is hidden under 3-separated leaves.
Homeland - China. Leaves during opening resemble umbrellas. From the ground, the plant appears only in early May. The leaves are palmate, on the bedspread there is a thin and long tip. If you care properly, the plant can reach a height of 170 centimeters.
The variety requires additional backups, otherwise the arisema will break under its own weight.
The variety can be found on Sakhalin and in the Moscow region. Propagated by self-seeding. Powerful plant with an exotic look.
Grows in the Far East. On a 35-centimeter root there are about 4 separate leaves. Flowering begins in May and lasts 2 weeks. The bract has a pale green color, white stripes. It is located under the sheet.
It grows in the forests of the Far East. Has a 50-centimeter long petiole brownish color. They have an original pattern that resembles snake skin.
In spring, shoot peaks appearing from the soil, with a spotty color. The leaves are oblong, narrow lobes. The plant is more thermophilic than Amur arizem.
Landing and care
Planting arizema causes some difficulties, since it is not easy to find tubers. If you still get them, give the flower maximum attention. If arisema takes root, it will delight you for many years with its magnificent flowering.
Tubers are planted in shady places that are well protected from the afternoon heat. The soil should be sufficiently moistened, drained and nutritious. Tubers are deepened to a depth of 20 centimeters. Leaving also involves sheltering arizemas for the winter with dry leaves, but it is important that they are not damaged by spores.
After heavy rains, hilling should be carried out. This is necessary so that water does not accumulate in the recesses located under the tubers. Tubers should be stored in winter in slightly moistened peat, and the ambient temperature should be above zero.
Arizema is propagated vegetatively:
- seeds, while self-seeding is possible;
- tubers (division or children).
Seeding is recommended in August. At other times, germination is not so good. Crops will spring in the spring. And flowering will begin only after 4 years. You can store the seeds in moistened moss, wrapped in packaging, in the refrigerator. Children are separated after an autumn dig or in the spring before planting.
Arizema is highly decorative. First, attention is attracted to inflorescences, and then ears of berries. Plants look great in rockeries or near ponds. Important, so that arizema is not exposed to direct sunlight.
Since arizema is a forest plant, in the garden it should take a place in partial shade. It is important that the soil is rich in humus and acidic. It is good if in the morning the plant is illuminated by the sun. In the autumn, the tubers should dry, and in the summer they should not be allowed to dry out in the ground.
Frost-resistant varieties can withstand cooling down to -30 degrees. Heat-loving arizems require shelter. Tropical plant species will have to be dug up and stored in a cool and dry place until spring. There is another easy way to save the arizema - grow it in pots, and when it gets colder, just bring it into the house.
Combining arizema is best with discreet partners. Ferns or different types of Manchurian saxifrage are perfect.
You can also combine the plant with hosts and various perennials. The best option would be to plant arizemas with solo jackets.