You can transplant cherries to a new place in any season, except for winter. Each period has its own advantages. Moving a plant has different goals. It must be carried out correctly. It is imperative to take into account the age of the tree, to organize appropriate care for it in a new place.
The goals of transplanting cherries to a new location
They change the place of growth of the tree for various reasons:
- redevelopment of the site;
- initially incorrectly chosen place - lowland, too close to other plants or buildings, unwanted proximity to other plantings;
- maintaining the health of the mother tree;
- depleted soil.
When can you transplant cherries to another place
It is impossible to relocate a plant to another place only in winter. For transplanting, it is better to choose spring or autumn. Cherries will not adapt well in summer.
Moving a tree in spring has several advantages:
- more time to adapt before winter, for which you need to gain strength;
- fast restoration of the root system with the right timing.
Attention! In regions with a harsh climate, it is recommended to replant cherries in the spring so that they have time to take root before the cold weather.
When can you transplant cherries in spring
The spring moving of the plant must be carried out until the sap flow has begun. It is imperative to focus on the climatic conditions of the region. You can move plantings from the end of March, throughout April. It is allowed to plan work in May if the kidneys are not yet swollen.
Transplanting cherries in spring should be carried out in sunny and calm weather.
The optimum air temperature is from 10 ° C, there should be no night frosts.
Is it possible to transplant cherry blossoms in spring
The plant should not be touched during flowering. This rule applies not only in spring, but also in other seasons. Cherry blossoms actively draw moisture and nutrients from the soil, and moving during this period will only lead to drying out.
Is it possible to transplant cherries in the summer
Summer replanting is allowed but not recommended. This can be done before flowering or in August, when fruiting has ended. The rest of the time, you cannot touch the plant, since almost all of its forces are directed to the formation of fruits, their ripening.
Preparing for transplanting cherries in spring
In order for the plant to take root in a new place, it is important to prepare everything correctly. There are several aspects to consider.
The right place
Regardless of the variety, cherry trees need the neutral acidity of the soil. If the soil is acidic, then slaked lime, dolomite flour or ground chalk will help. The selected agent must be evenly distributed over the site, then shallowly embedded in the ground. Such work is best carried out in the fall, when the earth has already been dug up.
This preparatory stage should be planned in the fall. If the cherry will be transplanted with a lump of earth, then the planting pit should be larger than its size by an average of 35 cm.
Compost must be added to the bottom by adding phosphorus-potassium fertilizers and ash. The number of additives should be adjusted to the age of the plant, the previous feeding. Fertile soil should be on top of the nutrients. The optimum thickness of the interlayer is 5 cm.
The planting hole is prepared at least a few months in advance, so that the earth has time to settle.
Preparing the tree
You can move cherries in spring, exposing the roots or with an earthen lump. The second option is preferable, since the plant adapts faster, begins to bear fruit earlier.
It is important to properly dig up the cherry transplanted in spring:
- Moisten the ground around the plant. One bush needs 40-50 liters of water. Watering prevents the soil from shedding from the roots.
- Start digging around the perimeter of the crown. The growth of the roots corresponds to the length of the branches. The trench can be made round or square, but with strictly vertical walls. You can deepen by 30-60 cm. It is allowed to make one wall inclined so that the tree can be removed more easily.
- Dig out the cherries so that the earthy clod is preserved. Its upper part in diameter for a young plant should be 0.5-0.7 m, for a tree older than 5 years 1.5 m with a height of 0.6-0.7 m.
- The trench should be deepened gradually. If there are excessively long roots that interfere with the excavation of the earthen coma, then you can chop them off with the sharp edge of a shovel. Sections must be processed with garden varnish.
- Put the dug out cherries on a film or a damp cloth. Wrap a lump of earth with material and secure over the root collar.
Advice! Larger plants are easier to retrieve with a lever such as a scrap iron or a pitchfork. The object must be long enough and strong enough to be placed under the base of the coma.
How to transplant cherries in a new place in spring
The features of the movement of a plant depend on its age. There are some general rules:
- The tree must be transported with care. If it is large, then it is convenient to use the cart by pouring sawdust into it. Another option is an iron sheet or thick fabric. During transportation, it is important not to damage the cherries, to keep the earthen lump.
- The film (fabric) should be removed immediately before placing the plant in the planting pit. The roots must be watered immediately so that the earthy clod is preserved.
- Place the tree carefully in the planting hole. The branches should be directed in the same direction as in the previous place.
- After installing the cherry in the planting hole, the earthen lump should protrude 5-10 cm above the surface, and the root collar by 3 cm. It is recommended to deepen the plant identical to the previous planting site.
- The gap between the earthen lump and the walls of the pit must be covered with a mixture of fertile soil and humus, tamped.
After transplanting, it is necessary to form a watering circle, the optimal height is 5-10 cm
Until the cherry has grown stronger, it is worth organizing a support. Drive it in carefully, without damaging the roots. Tilt the stake in the direction of the wind, tie the trunk to it.
After the formation of the watering circle, you need to moisten the soil abundantly - 2-3 buckets per bush. Mulch the trunk circle so that the earth does not dry out and crack. Better to use sawdust and foliage.
After transplanting in the spring, you need to trim the crown. You can also do this before moving the cherry. The volume of the crown should become the same as the size of the root system, it is she who will receive the main amount of nutrients after processing.
Skeletal branches should be shortened by one third. Instead, you can thin out the crown by hitting 2-3 large branches. In any case, the sections must be treated with garden varnish.
How to transplant a cherry seedling
It is recommended to move specimens up to 2 years old, at this age adaptation is easier and faster. The root system must be well developed. It is necessary to have several lateral roots 20-25 cm long.
If the tree is not immediately transplanted in the spring, then it is better to remove the old soil. To do this, the roots must be carefully washed. Then process them with a clay mash and cut them a little. This procedure is mandatory in the presence of damaged or diseased roots - pruning is carried out to a healthy place.
Advice! To restore biological processes, you can put the seedling in Kornevin's solution for at least an hour (maximum day).
The seedling is tied to a support with soft material, it is imperative to fix it in the correct position
How to transplant young cherries
Transplanting young stock from the mother tree is recommended when they grow too close. At the same time, an adult plant does not receive the required amount of nutrients, and bears fruit worse.
Move young cherries in the spring to a new place according to general rules. You must first inspect it and carry out the necessary manipulations:
- Cut off damaged and dry branches.
- When digging, save a clod of earth.
- If the root system is exposed, dip it into a clay mash.
- If the roots are dry, immerse them in water for several hours.
How to transplant an adult cherry
It is not recommended to move cherry plantings over 10 years old, but sometimes this is a necessary measure. When working, you need to adhere to the general algorithm, but taking into account some features:
- the roots of old trees cannot be exposed, they must be covered with an earthen lump;
- it is necessary to dig out the cherries carefully so that the damage to the root system is minimal;
- pruning needs to be given more attention to balance the volume of the crown and the root system, processing should be done before digging out.
Transplanting cherry blossoms
Repotting overgrown in spring is a great option for cherries. The plant adapts better to a new place, and the mother tree will receive more nutrition, strengthen, and bear fruit better.
It is better to divide the overgrowth movement into two stages:
- In the first spring, remove the top of the soil above the connecting root. Retreat from the shoot by 25-30 cm. Divide the rhizome with a sharp knife, clean the sections and process them with garden pitch. Return the removed soil to its place. This procedure should be carried out immediately after the snow melts.
- Move the layers to the next spring, so that in a year its own root system is formed and developed.
All the work can be done in one year. It is necessary to act in early spring. It is necessary to cut the main root, treat this place with garden varnish, transfer the plant with an earthen lump. You cannot expose the roots, they are small, therefore they dry out instantly.
After the separation of the overgrowth in the spring, it must be periodically fed with organic matter (humus, chicken droppings) and watered
Advice! It is better to move the shoots during the period when it grows 2-3 m from the trunk.
Bush cherry transplant
It is not recommended to touch bush cherries, therefore, the choice of a planting site must initially be approached with special attention. It is allowed to move the plant, if necessary, if it is less than 4-5 years old. In this case, a number of conditions must be met:
- the dormant state of the bush, the absence of leaves on it;
- transplant only with an earthen lump;
- maximum accuracy when working.
Attention! Even if the plant is successfully moved in the spring, there will be no harvest for 1-2 years. Shrub cherry takes a long time to adapt.
How can a wild cherry be transplanted
A wild plant must be replanted using the standard algorithm. The advantage of such a cherry is that it experiences changes better, quickly adapts to new conditions.
How to transplant felt cherries elsewhere in the spring
A feature of the felt cherry is an underdeveloped root system, therefore it does not tolerate movement well. In exceptional cases, this is still done, and always in the spring, after the snow melts. The plant must be young.
Felt cherries usually bear fruit for 10 years, after transplanting they may not produce berries or not take root at all
Cherry care after transplant
The main rule of caring for a transplanted plant is sufficient watering. Water the tree every 3 days for 1-1.5 months. A bucket of water is enough for one time. During the rainy season, additional moisture is not required.
It is important to take care of protection from pests and diseases. In the spring, many insects become active, so the risk of damage is high. You need to take care of preventive measures in the fall - dig up the site, burn plant residues.
Apply fertilizers in accordance with the recommendations for a particular variety. Excessive nutrition is contraindicated; this will only make the transplanted cherry worse.
A few tips on how to transplant cherries correctly so that they take root
In the spring or at other times of the year, it is important to move the cherry so that it takes root, otherwise all the work will become useless. The following tips will help:
- it is advisable to choose a place with favorable neighbors, it is not recommended that the proximity of nightshades, sea buckthorn, black currant, raspberry, gooseberry, apple tree;
- it is important to move the plant quickly, preventing the roots from drying out;
- the smaller the tree, the better it survives change;
- transplanting in spring is more favorable for late-ripening varieties;
- when moving plants, they are guided by recommendations for a particular variety, this concerns choosing the right place, further care;
- so that rodents do not damage the root system, the planting hole must be overlaid with spruce branches (with needles outward);
- the transplanted plant is weaker, therefore it is necessary to protect it from frost.
Transplanting cherries to a new place is not difficult if you follow all the rules. Careful handling of the plant, its correct preparation, competent organization of a new place, and subsequent care are important. Compliance with all the rules increases the chances of successful adaptation, fruiting.