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Look at the bushes of the Yantarny gooseberry variety, it was not for nothing that they called it that, the berries hang on the branches like clusters of amber, shimmer in the sun, are proud of ourselves - we are also little suns, and we also look like pebbles that people find on the sea beach sand.
Breeding history of the variety
The gooseberry variety Amber was bred by a group of Russian breeders under the leadership of M. Pavlova in the mid-50s, but for reasons unknown to us, the registration in the State Register did not pass. However, despite all the historical twists and turns, the variety was preserved and many nurseries still successfully grow this gooseberry and sell the fruits and seedlings of the Amber gooseberry to the population of Russia, export them to many countries of the world.
Description of the bush and berries
Gooseberry Amber is a tall shrub, reaching a height of one and a half meters, its branches are dense and spreading, requiring garters on supports or trellises.
Gooseberries of amber (orange-yellow) color, oval in shape, slightly thickened at one end, the largest and most juicy have an excellent sweet taste with a slice of acid and honey aroma, their average weight is 5.0 g.
Advantages and disadvantages
Benefits of the variety
Disadvantages of the variety
The main characteristics of the variety
Up to 1.5 m
Average weight of berries
Up to 5.5 g
Early and middle
Attitude to disease
Resistant variety, powdery mildew rarely affects it
Average harvest for the season
Attitude to low temperatures
The quality and quantity of the harvest of Amber Gooseberries increases when all agricultural cultivation technologies are implemented: when planting and regularly pruning, when choosing a place and careful care, with timely measures to combat diseases and harmful insects.
Drought resistance and winter hardiness
The gooseberry variety Amber is unpretentious and resistant to periods when there is not enough moisture, the plant also tolerates winter frosts, even with a cold of -40 °, the root system is preserved, only branches not covered with snow can slightly freeze. Such branches are removed during spring sanitary pruning.
Disease and pest resistance
The gooseberry variety Amber has natural immunity to many fungal diseases; over many years of testing, it has shown itself to be the best in terms of resistance to the invasion of harmful insects. According to the observations of gardeners, plants rarely get sick and are not very often attacked by pests such as gooseberry aphids.
Ripening of gooseberries depends on the geographic location of the region in which the variety is grown. The warmer the climate, the earlier the berries of the Yantarny gooseberry variety gain fruit ripeness. In the south of Russia it can be the beginning of June, and in the west and east - mid-July to the end of August. In the northern regions of the country - from July to September, it depends on favorable or not very weather conditions, because the weather from year to year is not always the same.
Agro-industrial companies selling the fruits of the Yantarny gooseberry harvest the berries 7-10 days before they fully ripen, the gooseberry skin at this time is still quite dense and strong, therefore it does not crack or burst during transportation.
It is better to buy and order gooseberry seedlings from nurseries with a well-deserved reputation. The seedlings should be no more than 1-2 years old with a good root system, and the branches with a sufficient number of viable buds.
You can plant seedlings of Amber gooseberries at any time convenient for the gardener: in early spring, in the middle of summer or on the eve of winter. According to many gardeners, planting seedlings in late autumn gives even more chances for a quick survival of the plant and its successful development in the future.
The site for planting should be sunny, well fertilized and not blown by drafts, the soil is preferably slightly acidic, neutral or slightly alkaline, the soil is fertile and loose. The best option is to plant gooseberries along the fence or walls of the house that face the south side. Adhere to a distance between seedlings of 1.5 meters, if plantings are in 2 or more rows, then there should be at least 2 meters between rows
Saplings of the Yantarny gooseberry variety grow very quickly, gaining height and density, so you cannot do without certain care measures.
In the second or third year of life, special supports are built around the seedlings and, as necessary, gooseberry branches are tied to its parts.
In the first three years, the Amber gooseberry does not require additional fertilization, if a sufficient amount of organic matter and mineral fertilizers was laid during planting. In the future, fertilizing is carried out during the whole season no more than 3 times, organic fertilizers are applied only in early spring.
Pruning is a necessary and regular process when growing gooseberries. It is produced annually, mainly in spring or after harvest.
Gooseberries can be propagated in two ways: by layering and by rooting cuttings of the current year. To obtain a large number of seedlings, the second method is more acceptable.
Preparing for winter
After harvesting, gooseberry bushes are sprayed with Bordeaux liquid. Then the earth around the bushes is dug up, combining with top dressing, and sanitary pruning is performed. If weather forecasters promise a cold winter and long, stable frosts, then they use additional insulation - a dense agrospan.
Pest and disease control
Powdery mildew (spheroteka)
The appearance of white bloom on all parts of the plant, especially on young shoots and leaves. Reproducing, the spores of the fungus infect the ovaries and berries, gradually the plaque darkens and becomes denser
Pouring boiling water over the bushes in spring (March-April), treatment with special fungicides, the use of folk remedies
White smooth spots appear on gooseberry leaves, as they grow, they merge into spots much larger and turn brown
Treatment of bushes with Bordeaux mixture 4-5 times per season every 10-14 days
The leaves are covered with small grayish specks with a dark border, curl and fall off
Spray the bushes with a solution of Bordeaux mixture 2-3 times per season
On the back of the gooseberry leaves, bright orange growths appear in the form of small glasses
Treated with a solution of Bordeaux liquid 3-4 times during the season
Spots of a yellowish tint are located along the leaf veins, the leaf plates dry out, the plant stops growing
This viral disease cannot be cured, the affected bushes are dug up and disposed of, the planting pit is completely disinfected
How to fight
Gooseberry (currant) aphid
During the budding period, they are sprayed with fungicides: Fitoverm, Kemifos, Iskra and others
Preventive treatment with fungicides during bud break
Manual collection of caterpillars, spraying the bushes 2-3 times with the same preparations
Apply identical remedies before bud swelling and after flowering
They use the same pesticides, sprayed before and after flowering
Apply fungicides and folk remedies
Gooseberry Amber has excellent immunity against many of the listed diseases and pests, and this is the merit of our hardworking breeders. This variety has been gaining popularity among gardeners and farmers of agricultural enterprises for more than 50 years. We hope that many of you will like it too.
Victoria, 43 years old, Ivanovo
I liked the beautiful berries of Yantarny right away, even in the nursery, where my husband and I came to choose seedlings for planting. We bought only two two-year-old bushes, they are not very cheap. Now in our garden there are 19 bushes growing along the fence, not everyone dares to go through it, and we are very happy with the harvest.