Advice

Badan: transplant to another place, when and how best to transplant


For proper vegetation, many flowering ornamental plants need to periodically change their place of growth. It is necessary to transplant badan into new planting holes every 5-6 years. This allows you to rejuvenate flower beds, as well as to obtain a large amount of new planting material.

When is it better to transplant badan to another place

Experienced gardeners and landscape designers have long noticed that the long-term growth of flowering crops in one place adversely affects the health of the plant. Over time, flowering and active spring-summer vegetation decreases - this is a consequence of a decrease in soil fertility. To preserve the berry, it is advised to root it in a new place, rich in fertilizers and minerals.

Important! A flowering culture is transplanted every 5-6 years, depending on the current state of the plant.

The most optimal time to change the place of badan is autumn. Immediately after the end of budding, the plant begins preparing for wintering. During this time, vegetation processes are minimized, so transplanting will cause minimal damage. Depending on the climate of the growing region, the time can be significantly shifted. In the southern regions of the country, badan is transplanted at the end of October or closer to the beginning of the calendar winter.

The most optimal time for transplanting badan is the end of September.

The procedure can also be performed in spring and summer. In such cases, it is worthwhile to understand that the plant is actively growing, so you need to be as careful with it as possible. After planting in prepared pits and backfilling with earth, the berry is mulched for 1 week with a thick layer of sawdust and watered abundantly - this will provide the roots with a sufficient supply of moisture for acclimatization in critical conditions for the plant.

Transplant preparation and algorithm

Before replanting the berry to a new place, it must be dug up. Given the rather massive crown of a flowering plant, for convenience, it is recommended to cut off the bottom row of leaves. After that, the main bole is dug in with a shovel, retreating from it by 20 cm on each side, after which they take it out together with a lump of earth, trying not to damage the roots. Then they are carefully freed from the soil and washed in water.

Changing the place for badan is not only an aid in improving vegetation processes, but also the possibility of obtaining a large amount of planting material. The dug out bush is disassembled into 4-6 parts, evenly dividing the root system with a sharp knife. The old rhizome is most often removed.

A whole berry or a plant divided into several parts is planted in pre-prepared recesses. It is best to make planting holes a couple of months before transplanting - this will improve soil aeration. Regardless of the chosen seating method, the distance between the planting pits should be at least 50-60 cm. The further algorithm of actions is as follows:

  1. Each seedling is treated with a light solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection.
  2. The recess is half filled with loosened soil.
  3. Prepared incense is placed in planting pits, gently spreading the roots.
  4. The roots are completely covered with leafy soil to the level of the root collar.

Immediately after transplanting, the ground around the berry is tamped. A special soil mixture from the store is poured into the resulting depression so that it forms a small hill above the root collar. You can prepare such a soil yourself. For this, leafy soil is mixed with compost and peat in a ratio of 2: 1: 1 a month before transplanting. Fertile soil will significantly improve the survival rate of the plant and accelerate its acclimatization.

Post-transplant care

Many gardeners appreciate badan for its unpretentiousness to growing conditions relative to other flowering plants. It requires minimal maintenance - periodic watering, occasional feeding and treatment from insects and pests. However, in the first year after transplanting, you need to actively help the growing season so that a healthy plant will bring less trouble in the future.

Mulching immediately after transplanting will allow the berry to retain the moisture necessary for the roots.

A young plant needs abundant mulching. It is produced using sawdust or spruce needles. Immediately after the winter period, the remaining leaves are completely removed with pruning shears. At the end of the first summer after transplanting, it is necessary to cut off the flowering inflorescences.

Temperature and humidity

Having seen Badan for the first time, we can confidently note that this plant is very moisture-loving. To preserve the juiciness of the leaves, they need periodic spraying with a spray bottle. On dry days, you can increase the frequency of treatment.

Important! The ideal condition for a newly transplanted plant is a subtropical climate - it is worth trying to maintain moisture.

As for the temperature, active vegetation occurs only during the warm period. Despite the rather easy wintering at -20 degrees, badan requires warming during spring frosts. In order not to damage fresh leaves, they are covered with a special film at night before the onset of stable warm weather.

Watering

A moisture-loving plant needs a lot of water immediately after transplanting. Since a special drainage layer is not created for bergenia, moisture leaves rather quickly even with abundant mulching. When planted in spring or summer, flower beds are provided with abundant watering for the entire growing season.

Important! In no case should the upper soil layer be allowed to dry out - this can lead to a violation of the root system and the death of the plant.

Abundant watering is the key to the health of the seedling immediately after transplanting

If the transplant took place closer to the winter period, abundant watering is carried out only the first 2-3 days after it. In this case, it is important that the roots have time to take root in a new place without starting a new vegetation cycle. Abundant frequent watering on the eve of winter can provoke active growth of the root system - under such conditions, the death of the seedling becomes inevitable.

Top dressing

Immediately after transplanting, a fragile bergenia needs a large amount of additional fertilizers to speed up vital processes. In autumn, the bushes are treated with a superphosphate solution at the rate of 20 g per 12-liter bucket of water per square meter. m of soil. If the badan was transplanted in the spring, immediately after it it is worth treating the seedlings with complex fertilizers for flowering crops.

Diseases and pests

Badan has excellent immunity to most serious ailments that the owners of summer cottages and landscape designers struggle with. If you follow all the care measures, you can not worry about the health of the bushes after transplantation. Lack of moisture or fertilizer can provoke such problems:

  1. Leaf spot. Occurs when the wrong place is chosen for the transfer. In this case, the lower part of the leaves is covered with a solid white bloom. On the outside, the leaf blades are colored with light specks with distinct black edges.
  2. Root rot occurs when excessive moisture is present. Most often associated with leaving the mulch for a longer time.
  3. Excessive moisture after transplanting also leads to the appearance of spider mites and common aphids.

If, some time after transplantation, traces of damage or insect colonies were found on the badan, it is necessary to take action as quickly as possible - treat it with a fungicide or insecticide. As a preventive measure, spraying the seedlings with soapy water can be used every 7 days.

Advice

Every florist should remember that badan, like any other flowering culture, does not like transplants. Such procedures are most often caused by the urgent need to preserve the correct vital activity of the flower. Change of place should be taken as seriously as possible, trying not to injure the bush once again. Experienced gardeners try to use the transplant as little as possible. With a slow growth of roots, badan easily lives in one place for up to 10 years.

Badan does not like too frequent transplants

The most dangerous period for a young seedling is the first winter. In addition to abundant mulching after transplanting, berry can be covered with spruce branches or straw. This approach works best in sub-zero temperatures and no snow cover. After the snow falls, it is worth removing the entire layer of mulch and insulation. This will help to avoid rotting of the roots during the long winter.

Conclusion

It is not recommended to transplant badan more often than once every 5-6 years. The procedure allows you to significantly rejuvenate the plants, as well as to obtain a large amount of new planting material. With the right approach to the procedure and further care for young plantings, you can easily increase the area of ​​the flower garden due to the rapidly growing seedlings.


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