Cherries for type 2 diabetes mellitus are allowed for consumption, but they must be eaten with caution. The product contains a certain amount of natural sugars, therefore, if consumed excessively, can lead to spikes in glucose levels.
Is it possible to eat cherries with diabetes
Cherries are one of the few berries allowed for use in diabetes mellitus. Fruits contain a lot of vitamins and valuable minerals, but the content of natural sugars is low. Therefore, when consumed wisely, fruits rarely lead to spikes in blood glucose.
The list of permitted foods includes both fresh and processed fruits. However, they should be consumed without sugar or with a minimum amount of sweetener. Sweet foods can not only lead to an increase in glucose, but also harm the figure due to the high calorie content, and with diabetes, weight gain is also very dangerous.
Fresh cherry fruits do not lead to jumps in glucose
Cherry glycemic index
The glycemic index of fresh fruits depends on the variety. But on average, the index is 22-25 units - this is very little.
Can cherries be used for gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes, which often develops in pregnant women against a background of hormonal changes, differs from conventional diabetes mellitus. Therefore, it is not always clear whether it is worth using cherries for this disease, or whether it is better to refuse berries.
Fresh cherries for gestational diabetes are not dangerous if eaten in small quantities. It thins the blood and evens out the sugar level, and also helps to get rid of toxicosis and prevents constipation. Due to its high fiber content, cherries have a beneficial effect on the intestinal system, trace elements in its composition help to normalize blood pressure. Thus, in case of diabetes mellitus during pregnancy, the product is mainly beneficial and even reduces the manifestations of the disease.
The benefits and harms of cherries for diabetes
Fresh cherries have a very useful and varied chemical composition. Its pulp contains:
- vitamins B - from B1 to B3, B6 and B9;
- potassium, chromium, iron and fluorine;
- ascorbic and niacin;
- vitamins A and E;
- pectins and tannins;
- magnesium and cobalt;
- organic acids.
The chemical composition of cherry fruits is very useful.
Fresh fruits also contain anthocyanins, which are of particular value in diabetes mellitus; these substances stimulate the production of insulin in the pancreas. The product is low in calories and contains only about 49 calories per 100 g of berries, with diabetes it does not lead to weight gain.
Thus, a diabetic can use cherries, and its value lies in the fact that the fruits:
- have a beneficial effect on digestion and the work of the pancreas;
- relieve constipation and help eliminate toxins from the body;
- remove excess salts and prevent the development of complications, such as gout;
- improve the condition of blood vessels and are well reflected in the composition of the blood.
Of course, the benefits of fruits in diabetes mellitus are not at all unconditional. Diabetics can eat cherries in moderate dosages. In excessive quantities, it can lead to diarrhea and have an irritating effect on the mucous membranes of the stomach, harm the health of the kidneys, berries have a diuretic effect.
Attention! With diabetes mellitus, it is harmful to use cherries as part of overly sweet dishes. In this case, all the beneficial properties of berries will be neutralized by the high sugar content in products.
Useful properties of cherry twigs for diabetes
Type 2 diabetics can eat cherries, and not only berries, but also other parts of the fruit tree, for example, cherry twigs, will be useful. In folk medicine, they are used to make medicinal tea.
Twigs harvested in early spring before the appearance of flower buds have medicinal properties. Cherry twigs are carefully cut from the tree, dried in the shade, and then used to make tea. To prepare it, you need to pour 1 small spoonful of crushed raw materials with a glass of water, boil for 15 minutes and strain.
Cherry Sprig Tea Increases Insulin Sensitivity
They drink this tea three times a day on an empty stomach. The drink is useful primarily because it increases the body's sensitivity to insulin injections and facilitates the treatment of diabetes. In addition, tea from the twigs increases immunity, improves kidney function and removes salts from joints, strengthens blood vessels and has a positive effect on the state of hormonal levels.
Important! Twig tea can be harmful and deplete calcium when consumed in excess. Therefore, they drink a healthy drink in courses, no longer than 1 month in a row with the same interruptions.
What kind of cherry can a diabetic need?
With diabetes mellitus, it is necessary to pay attention to the cherry variety, its taste and the type of processing. It is recommended to rely on the following simple rules:
- It is most useful for diabetes mellitus to eat fresh fruits, they contain a maximum of valuable substances, and there is very little sugar in them. It is also allowed to add frozen fruits to the diet, which retain all the beneficial properties.
- Dried cherries for type 2 diabetes are allowed, but on the condition that the fruits are harvested without the use of sugar. It is necessary to dry them without using sweet syrup, the berries are simply washed thoroughly, blotted with paper towels and left in the fresh air until the moisture has completely evaporated.
- Even sweet-tasting dessert varieties can be consumed in small quantities for diabetics. However, it is better to give preference to varieties with a pronounced sourness, for example, cherries Zarya Volga, Amorel, Rastunets. The more sour the cherry, the less sugar is present in it, and, accordingly, the greater the benefit in diabetes mellitus.
- The recommended daily dosage is about 3/4 cup - even fresh and unsweetened cherries should not be consumed in excess.
It is better to give preference to more acidic fruits
Attention! In addition to the common cherry, there is also the felt cherry, its fruits are much smaller in size and usually have a sweet taste. Felt cherries with diabetes mellitus can be eaten without fear, but dosages must be especially carefully monitored so as not to harm the body.
How to use cherries for type 1 and type 2 diabetes
The disease imposes severe restrictions on a person's diet. Even healthy cherries and type 2 diabetes mellitus are combined only under the condition of special processing, for example, you have to forget about sweet desserts, cherry cakes and muffins. But there are still quite a lot of safe recipes for those suffering from diabetes.
Cherry recipes for type 1 and type 2 diabetics
With diabetes mellitus, you can eat cherry fruits not only fresh. Many simple and healthy dishes can be prepared from them.
Cherry and apple pie
In small quantities, diabetics are allowed apple-cherry pie, it does not contain sugar and will not bring any harm to health. The recipe looks like this:
- 500 g of pitted cherry pulp are mixed with a finely chopped apple, 1 large spoonful of honey and a pinch of vanilla;
- 1.5 large tablespoons of starch are added to the mixture;
- in a separate container, mix 2 large spoons of flour, 50 g of oatmeal and the same amount of chopped walnuts;
- add 3 large spoons of melted butter and mix the ingredients.
After that, you need to grease the baking dish with butter, put the fruit blank in it, and sprinkle the cake with nut crumbs on top. The workpiece is put in the oven for half an hour, heated to 180 ° C, and then they enjoy a delicious and low-calorie dish.
Small amounts of apple and cherry pie are allowed for diabetics
Fresh cherries for type 2 diabetes can be used to make dumplings. According to the recipe, you must:
- stir in a bowl 350 g of sifted flour, 3 large tablespoons of olive oil and 175 ml of boiling water;
- knead the elastic dough with your hands, and then leave it for an hour, covering the bowl with a towel;
- prepare 300 g of cherries - remove the seeds from the fruit, mash the berries and mix them with 1 large spoonful of semolina;
- after an hour, roll out the dough in a thin layer and carefully cut out circles of about 7-8 cm in diameter;
- place the cherry filling on each of the tortillas and wrap, pinching the edges;
- immerse the dumplings in salted water and boil for 5 minutes after boiling with the addition of 1 large spoonful of olive oil.
Ready-made dumplings can be poured with sour cream before use. The classic recipe also suggests sprinkling sugar on the dish, but this should not be done with diabetes.
Cherry dumplings are delicious and healthy
Fritters with cherries
For diabetes mellitus, you can make cherry pancakes. The recipe looks like this:
- in a small bowl combine and mix thoroughly until completely homogeneous 1 egg, 30 g of sugar and a pinch of salt;
- a glass of kefir heated to room temperature and 1.5 large tablespoons of olive oil are poured into the mixture;
- mix the ingredients and pour 240 g flour and 8 g baking powder into a bowl.
After that, the dough must be mixed again until it is completely homogeneous, and left for 20 minutes. In the meantime, you can prepare 120 g of cherries - wash the berries and remove the seeds from them.
When the dough "rests", the oiled frying pan will need to be heated and put on the pancake blanks, and place 2-3 berries in the center. On top of the berries, add a little more semi-liquid dough to cover the cherry, and fry the pancakes for 2 minutes on each side until tender.
Advice! Although the sugar in this recipe is used a little when kneading the dough, if desired, you can take a sweetener instead.
Kefir and cherry pancakes can be made with sweetener
Cherry pies with fresh berries are delicious and nutritious. It is very simple to prepare them, for this you need:
- prepare the dough - mix in a bowl 3 cups flour, 1.5 small spoons of dry yeast and a pinch of salt;
- in a separate bowl, mix 120 g of sweetener with 120 g of melted butter;
- add the resulting syrup to flour;
- pour in 250 ml of warm water and knead the dough well.
When the dough begins to curl up into a lump, you need to add 2 large tablespoons of vegetable oil, once again knead the workpiece until it becomes homogeneous, smooth and airy. After that, the dough is kept under a film for 1.5 hours, and in the meantime, the seeds are removed from 700 g of cherries and the fruits are slightly kneaded. According to the classic recipe, cherries are recommended to be mixed with 4 large tablespoons of sugar, but in case of diabetes it is better to take a sweetener.
Cherry pies are quite nutritious, but if you have diabetes you can eat a little of them.
After that, all that remains is to mold pies from the tender dough that has risen, put fillings in each and send them to the oven at 180 degrees for 40 minutes. Although cherry pies are high in calories, in small quantities they will not be harmful for diabetes.
Cherry blank recipes for diabetics for the winter
Fresh cherries can be saved for the whole winter using blanks. There are several recipes for preserving healthy berries for storage.
One of the simplest recipes for preparation suggests making compote. This requires:
- rinse with 1 kg of fresh berries;
- pour 2 liters of water over the cherries and bring to a boil;
- remove foam and boil over low heat for 40 minutes.
After that, the compote is poured into sterile jars and closed for the winter. It is better not to add sugar to a drink for diabetes, although just before use, you can stir a spoonful of honey in the compote.
Unsweetened compote is a healthy and tasty drink
Cherries for type 2 diabetes can be prepared as a jam with a sugar substitute. The delicacy will not be inferior to the traditional one in taste, and will not bring harm. The recipe looks like this:
- in a small saucepan, prepare a syrup from 800 g of sweetener or honey, 200 ml of water and 5 g of citric acid;
- 1 kg of cherry fruits are immersed in hot syrup, from which the seeds are extracted;
- the syrup is brought to a boil again, after which the berries are boiled in it for only 10 minutes.
The finished jam is poured into sterile jars and rolled tightly.
It's quite possible to make cherry jam without sugar.
Simple drying helps to save cherries for the winter, the resulting dried fruits with diabetes mellitus will be quite safe. It is easy to dry the fruits, for this you need:
- wash the berries and remove the stalks;
- spread the fruits in an even layer on a baking sheet or cut of fabric;
- cover on top with a fine mesh or gauze and put in the fresh air in a light shade.
It takes about 3 days to completely dry. You can also dry the fruits in a few hours in the oven at 50 ° C, but they will retain less benefits.
Advice! You can understand that the cherry has dried to the end with the help of pressure; juice should not stand out from the berry.
You need to dry cherry fruits without using syrup
All valuable properties are preserved by fresh cherries in the freezer. It is stored for a very long time, and its chemical composition does not change at all; after defrosting, the berries remain all the same useful in diabetes mellitus.
Freeze cherries like this:
- the fruits are washed, soaked and the seeds are removed;
- the cherries are poured in an even layer on a small tray the size of a freezer and covered with polyethylene;
- for 50 minutes, the berries are removed in the freezer;
- after the expiration date, the tray is removed, the fruits are quickly poured into a prepared plastic container and put back in the freezer.
If you freeze cherries in this way, then during storage they will not stick together, but will remain crumbly, since slightly frozen berries will not stick to each other.
Frozen fruits retain all valuable properties
Limitations and contraindications
Although cherries are very useful for diabetes mellitus, in some conditions they should not be consumed. Contraindications include:
- gastritis with increased production of gastric juice and stomach ulcer;
- a tendency to diarrhea;
- urolithiasis and cholelithiasis;
- chronic kidney ailments;
- cherry allergy.
Cherries with diabetes mellitus can be eaten in limited quantities. In excessive amounts, it can not only lead to high glucose levels, but also cause indigestion and abdominal pain.
Cherries for type 2 diabetes can be beneficial both fresh and as part of various dishes. Some recipes suggest making even jams and pies from cherries with diabetes mellitus, it is only important to ensure that as little sweetener as possible is present in the dishes, or replace it with harmless counterparts.