Often, gardeners use flowering perennials to create flower beds. With their help, it is easy to compose a beautiful composition that will delight the eye for several years. Perennials do not require special attention and care. Most of these flowers are cold-resistant and do not need to be dug out for the winter. Plants retain their decorative qualities throughout the entire spring-autumn period and do not need to be cut. It is quite simple to pick up perennial flowers for a flower bed if you know the existing species and varieties of such plants, as well as some of their characteristics.
Filling a flower bed with perennials, it should be understood that all types of such plants differ, first of all, in height, as well as in the flowering period, shape and color of flowers. When composing compositions, it is these parameters that you need to pay attention to. We will try to give a description and a photo with the names of the most popular and beautiful perennials, classifying them by height.
By definition, flowers are tall, the height of which during the flowering period exceeds 80 cm. Among such plants, one can distinguish unpretentious species, the root system of which is compact, extending vertically into the depths of the earth. These include gypsophila paniculata, mullein, aconite, dahlia. These perennials perfectly survive various weather disasters, including drought.
This remarkable perennial plant reaches 120 cm in height. It grows in the form of a bush, which, during flowering, looks like a white cloud. This effect becomes possible due to a huge number of small flowers up to 6 mm in diameter and thin, barely noticeable leaves. Gypsophila flowers are white, sometimes with a pink tint. Inflorescences can be simple or double.
Gypsophila blooms for 45 days from July to August. It is often used in cut to complement flower bouquets. A perennial in one place without transplanting can grow for 3-4 years.
This plant can be found in the wild on the outskirts of a field or forest glade. In culture, there are also many varieties of this beautiful, unpretentious, drought-resistant plant.
Mullein leaves are squat up to 25 cm long, collected in a rosette. Inflorescences are located on peduncles, the height of which can reach 2 m. The color of flowers, depending on the variety, can be brown, yellow, pink, purple.
Important! The mullein can be used to make up constantly flowering flower beds, since the perennial pleases with its flowers from June to August.
A wonderful, tall, perennial plant can decorate any garden with its flowers from August to the onset of frost. Such a non-standard flowering period makes aconite in demand in the preparation of constantly flowering flower beds.
Aconite inflorescences are located on high, up to 2 m, peduncles. They can be tied to a building wall or fence to decorate a surface. The color of the flowers is purple, sometimes whitish. In some cases, flowers can combine purple and white at once.
Important! Of all the plants of the aconite family, only the arcuate aconite is not poisonous.
Among the tall perennial flowers with a spreading root system, one can distinguish the large-headed cornflower, goldenrod, mallow, and delphinium. These plants are more demanding on soil moisture and nutritional value, they need special care.
This tall perennial can bring yellow, sunny colors to any flower bed. The plant is a bush that does not require a garter. Its stems are strong, up to 1.5 m high. The large-headed cornflower blooms from July to September. Cornflower flowers are single, large.
Goldenrod is a widespread ornamental plant. It can be found in every second courtyard. Plant stems are tall (up to 2 m), erect, leafy. At the tops of the stems are baskets with lush, yellow inflorescences. Goldenrod blooms in late summer. The plant is not demanding in care. For the winter, it is necessary to prune the bushes to a height of 10-15 cm from ground level.
Important! The plant has medicinal properties.
A tall, perennial plant well known to many gardeners. There are many varieties of mallow with different flower colors. Among them there are varieties with a peony and a simple flower, white, pink, yellow, burgundy, purple.
More details about the types and varieties of mallow can be found in the video:
The height of the flowering perennial reaches 120 cm. The flowering period is approximately 70 days, in June-August. Mallow should be grown in well-lit areas of the land.
Legends were made about this flower in ancient times, but even today it amazes with its beauty. There are over 400 different types of delphinium. Among them are annuals and perennials.
The height of the delphinium reaches 180 cm. Its strong peduncles are abundantly strewn with beautiful small flowers of various colors: white, blue, purple, pink. In nature, there are more than 800 different shades of delphinium. The size of the flowers can also vary. For example, there are varieties with double inflorescences, up to 12 cm in diameter.
Important! Delphinium does not grow on soil with a high acidity level.
In addition to the listed flowering perennials, Volzhanka, rudbeckia, mountaineers and some others should also be classified as tall. When choosing tall perennials for the garden, you need to pay attention to their photosensitivity in order to correctly determine the best growing place. It is necessary to transplant such plants at least once every 5 years.
Perennials of medium height
The tallness of perennials plays a particularly important role in the preparation of combined flower beds, where several different plant species are involved at once. In this case, the principle of tiering works, when lower plants are placed closer to the edge of the flower garden, tall flowers are placed at a distance from the point of view. Thus, the bulk of the plants in the flower garden are of medium height. Medium-sized flowers include flowers from 30 to 80 cm in height.Among them should be highlighted:
This perennial is unique in its varied coloration. Flowers from 40 to 70 cm in height can be pink, yellow, white, brown, purple or any other shade. The flowering of plants begins in late May and lasts until mid-summer. It is very easy to grow irises, since the perennial is completely unpretentious, it successfully tolerates drought and severe winter frosts.
You can see the beauty of these flowers in the photo below, the gardener's comments and an overview of the varieties are shown in the video:
It is rare to meet a person who does not "like" these wonderful flowers for a flower bed. There are over 30 types of garden lilies. They all differ in color and flower shape. The height of perennials is also different and can vary from 60 to 120 cm. Lilies bloom from late June to August. This beautiful perennial flower is often used in cut flower bouquets.
Phloxes are widespread in gardens and parks in Russia. They are undemanding to soil and sunlight, well adapted to shade. The height and color of phloxes depends on the variety. So, you can find phlox up to 100 cm in height, however, the average plant height is only 60 cm.More often, gardeners grow phlox of white and pink color, however, breeders also offer flowers of purple, blue, burgundy and other shades. The flowers of some varieties combine several different shades at once.
More information about the variety of phlox can be found in the video:
The phlox bloom period begins in mid-summer and lasts until the end of September.
If there is a desire to plant a flowering perennial, but there is no time to care for it, then a daylily should be grown. This plant has exceptional unpretentiousness. It can be grown in the most scanty soils, forgetting about top dressing. Daylily survives drought and summer heat well.
The decorative qualities of the daylily are high: flowers up to 18 cm in diameter can have white, cream, pink, red, purple or other shades. The height of the daylily is from 40 to 60 cm. The plant can be used as the main and only plant in the flowerbed or as an additional perennial in the middle strip in the flowerbed.
Under this name "spurge" you can find a number of plants, including indoor and perennial garden plants. Euphorbia multiflorous is excellent for drawing up flower arrangements in flower beds, alpine slides and in mixborders. The height of this plant is up to 70 cm. The perennial blooms with yellow, small flowers, collected in inflorescences. The flowering period of milkweed lasts all summer.
Warning! Euphorbia contains poisonous juice, so it is not recommended to grow it within the reach of children.
In addition to the perennials listed, daffodils, peonies, tulips and some other flowering plants, familiar to many, are medium-sized. When planting combinations of tall and medium-sized perennials, you should pay attention to the spreading of their green mass and the type of root system, so that the plants do not suppress each other during the growth process.
Low-growing perennial flowers are great for decorating lawns, flower beds, flower beds. They are planted along sidewalk paths, near a pond or porch. Anywhere these flowers, up to 30 cm high, look great. Most undersized perennials have an early flowering period and pleases with beautiful flowers immediately after the snow melts. Among the most common stunted perennials, the following types should be distinguished:
This beautiful flower "captivates" with its beauty and simplicity. Squat fleshy green leaves seem to show small flowers on tall peduncles. The flowers of daisies are varied in color from white to maroon. There are varieties with a combined color of the petals. On sale you can find daisies with a simple and thick double flower.
Important! The flower diameter of some varietal daisies reaches 8 cm.
Plants are absolutely not demanding in care. They can grow even on the most scanty soils. Daisies bloom in early spring, immediately after the snow melts. Abundant flowering continues until mid-summer. In favorable conditions, the daisy can bloom all season.
Forget-me-not is a primrose known to many. Its flowering period is from April to May. This amazing plant can be found in nature and culture. There are many varieties of forget-me-nots with different flower shapes and flower sizes. A perennial up to 30 cm high reproduces well independently, therefore it is sometimes called a weed.
The peduncle of the plant is covered with leaves and keeps inflorescences at a height of 20-25 cm. Forget-me-not flowers are blue with a yellow eye in the middle.
You can add yellow colors to the flower bed with the help of spring adonis. This plant can be found in culture and in nature. It has split, narrow herringbone-like petals. The peduncle of the plant has a height of 15-20 cm. Each flower consists of 12 petals. After the end of flowering, which peaks in mid-spring, adonis bears fruit - small, but, unfortunately, inedible nuts.
The plant is perennial, however, some gardeners grow alyssum for one season in pots, planters. Ground cover flower with a variety of colors from white to purple, including yellow, pink, red shades. The height of the perennial is up to 30 cm. It blooms for a long time from May to July.
With the help of alissum, you can not only decorate a flower bed or a flower garden, but also saturate the backyard with a pleasant, alluring aroma.
Important! Alyssum prefers to grow in well-drained and rocky soil. It is rational to plant it on alpine hills.
This perennial can decorate any yard or garden with a dense green carpet with blue flowers. The plant is a ground cover, well adapted to unfavorable conditions. Having planted periwinkle, you can forget about watering or feeding, since the plant has enough available land resources and natural precipitation.
The flowers of this plant do not exceed 10 cm in height and 2.5 cm in diameter. The perennial reproduces on its own quickly enough. It blooms in mid-spring.
By combining perennials of different heights, you can create an excellent flower bed on which the plants will bloom, constantly replacing each other. In such a composition, tall flowers should be placed in the center, and low-growing perennials closer to the edge, so that the plants do not shade each other. Low-growing ground cover plants can be safely used to fill the free space of mixborders. Competently composed color combinations of various shades will always be a decoration of a garden or lawn. A pleasant floral scent will also add an extraordinary ambiance to your garden plot.