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Minorka chickens: characteristics, description, photos

Minorka chickens: characteristics, description, photos


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The Minorca breed comes from the island of Menorca, which is located in the Mediterranean Sea and belongs to Spain. Local breeds of chickens of the island of Menorca interbred with each other, the result was a breed that had an egg direction. The eggs were very large and tasty.

During the British occupation in the early 18th century, Minorca chickens were brought to Britain. English breeders have tried to apply the method of directed selection to the breed in order to increase the mass of chickens. But all efforts ended in failure. From England, chickens got to Germany, and from there to America. In Russia, chickens appeared in 1885, it is known that they were presented by the Turkish sultan. Only in 1911 the breed was standardized in Russia.

External data

Important! The main thing in the description of the Minorca chicken breed: medium-sized birds, they are distinguished by special grace.

The head is small, elongated, connected to an elongated neck. The comb is leaf-shaped, bright red, with 5-6 clearly cut teeth, erect in roosters, bent to one side in chickens. The shape and size of the ridge was one of the conditions for the formation of the appearance of the Minoroc. Minoroc earlobes are oval, white. The eyes are black or brown.

The back is wide, elongated, and passes into a full, well developed tail. The chest is broad and rounded. The body is elongated, trapezoidal. High graphite legs. The wings are well developed, tightly attached to the body. The body has white skin. The claws and beak are dark in color. The color of the feathers is deep black with a greenish tint. The combination of shiny black plumage with a bright red crest and bright white earlobes makes the Minorca bird one of the most beautiful. See in the photo how the black minorks look.

It is found, although extremely rare, in the white color of the Minoroc. In White Minorcs, the crest may have a pinkish shape. Beak, metatarsus and claws are light in color, eyes are red. Only a silvery shade in color is allowed, other shades are outside the standard. The photo below shows a white Minorca rooster.

Product characteristics

Minorca chickens have an egg direction. But also the meat obtained from them is of very high quality.

  • Live weight of rooster up to 4 kg, chicken up to 3 kg;
  • Layers produce up to 200 eggs per year;
  • Eggs weigh up to 70 g, eggs are white, with a dense, smooth shell;
  • Start to rush from 5 months;
  • High fertility of eggs and safety of young animals;
  • Chickens grow very quickly.

Advice! Minorca chickens are not suitable for industrial breeding, but in private farms it is quite possible to breed these beautiful birds.

Breeding features

When breeding a breed, it is necessary to take into account some special properties of the bird.

  • Minorcs are from an island with a mild Mediterranean climate. Therefore, representatives of the breed can only endure the Russian winter in warm, heated poultry houses. Avoid high humidity and drafts in a room with birds. Minorks react very badly to them.
  • In the summer it is obligatory to organize a place for walking. Set up a spacious open-air cage near the house. Stretch the mesh or make a high fence up to 1.6 m;
  • The disadvantages of the breed include the fact that the Minorca chickens have completely lost their incubation instinct;
  • Birds are very shy, they cannot be approached, they do not contact a person. But with other breeds of chickens they coexist quite peacefully. Experienced poultry farmers advise rubbing the combs with fat to prevent frostbite.
  • Chickens are selected for the tribe at an early age for vital signs. A little later, according to external data to maintain standards for the exterior. Females at 5 months of age with the onset of egg production, and males, when their comb begins to grow;
  • Eggs for further breeding are taken from chickens that have reached 2 years of age.
  • The chickens are fed in the same way as usual. First with chopped boiled egg, gradually add bran, crushed grain, grated vegetables and chopped greens.
  • Adults are fed with compound feed or a mixture of several types of whole grains, adding vitamins and calcium.
  • For birds, it is important to have feed of animal origin: meat and bone meal or fish meal, cottage cheese.

Compliance with the peculiarities of breeding will lead to a good result: the chickens will be healthy and able to give viable offspring. The productive characteristics of the breed will not suffer either: egg production and meat, which is valued by the Minor for its high taste.

Conclusion

Breeding the Minorca breed is more suitable for private farms, where the beauty of the bird is an important element for poultry farmers. If you can provide the bird with a warm house, a spacious open-air cage and proper nutrition, then feel free to start breeding Minorc. About the Minorca breed, see the video:

Testimonials

Maxim Chesnokov, 46 years old, Moscow region

I have been keeping a Minoroc in my backyard for 5 years already. I will not say that it was difficult for me to breed this bird. Chicks grow and fledge very quickly. Free-range young grow well, bite greens, worms. But juveniles are very sensitive to coolness and dampness, therefore, if the weather does not allow, it is better to refrain from walking. Let them spend the day in the poultry house, maybe even in cramped quarters, but dry and warm.

Olga Bad'ina, 35 years old, Smolensk region

Minoroc is not kept for profit, but for your own pleasure. The combination of black, white and scarlet makes the bird irresistible. Of course, we get not only aesthetic pleasure, but also a quite tangible result in the form of eggs and meat. My chickens lay about 155 eggs a year, but each one is very large. We built a warm poultry house in which our sissies are not afraid of any frosts. I had an unpleasant case when our Petya froze his comb. I didn’t know then that Minorcs are very sensitive to even a small minus.


Watch the video: BEST CHICKENS FOR LAYING EGGS. (September 2022).

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