The breeder P. Ya. Saraev, who carried out developments to improve the frost resistance of tomatoes and cucumbers, received a new culture in the 90s. Growing and caring for a cucumber is one of the interesting activities for gardeners who are fond of breeding unusual plants.
Ogurdynia - what is this plant
The homeland of culture is the countries of Central Asia. The ogurdynya vegetable was obtained by crossing the crops of the same name. When ripe, the fruit looks like a cucumber. Ripe fruits are similar in taste to melon.
Description of gourd
The total height of the culture with proper care does not exceed 2 m. The leaf plates of the bush are green, large in size. The root system is close to the surface of the earth, but well developed.
Important! The flowering period lasts from May to August, the first fruits are tied and begin to sing in the second half of June.
The vegetable is characterized by early maturity; when growing cucumbers in a greenhouse, they harvest after 40-60 days from planting.
Depending on the variety and care, the weight of the cucumber reaches 3 kg and the length is 0.5 m. The vegetable is characterized by juicy pulp and a small amount of seeds.
When grown, incompletely ripe cucumbers have a greenish skin with fluff, they taste similar to a cucumber. Ripe vegetables are harvested in August, when they change color to yellow, acquire a honey aroma and taste.
The yield of the plant, subject to the rules of care, is high: when growing, depending on the variety, 10-20 vegetables can be harvested from one bush. The advantage of culture is its immunity to disease.
What is useful ogurdynya
In addition to its pleasant taste, the fruit is known for its properties. With regular use of cucumber, the work of the gastrointestinal tract improves, excess salts and cholesterol are removed.
In addition to antioxidant and anti-sclerotic properties, the culture has a diuretic and choleretic effect.
How to eat cucumber
Both ripe and unripe vegetables are suitable for food. Pickled early cucumber tastes like cucumbers, yellowed fruits are identical to melon.
Ripe vegetables can be used in salads and preserves.
It is not recommended to freeze the cucumber. Ripe fruits are poorly stored and cannot tolerate long-term transportation.
The best varieties of ogurdin
Taste qualities, ripening dates and planting features are associated with the varietal characteristics of the culture. When studying a photo of a cucumber on the Internet, you can evaluate the variety of plant species, which allows you to choose the best option for planting and growing.
- A popular cultivar of culture is Manduria (Nectarine): the fruit is shaped like a torpedo, reaching a length of 50 cm. The pulp is very juicy, crispy, with few seeds. With proper care, the weight of a vegetable is 1-1.5 kg, up to 10 vegetables can be harvested from one bush. Ripening period 70-75 days.
- Among the best varieties of cucumber for the Urals is Orenburg: an oblong-oval vegetable, unripe fruits grow up to 12 cm in length, have a pronounced cucumber taste. When grown in ripe fruits, the appearance does not change, the weight reaches 2 kg. Orenburg gourd is very sweet, the yield from one bush, subject to the rules of care, is 10-12 vegetables.
- The Chinese variety Watermelon has a dense skin and a fragrant cucumber aroma. As they ripen, the fruits change color to yellow, become fragrant and very sweet. Ripe cucumber can be eaten with the peel, but it is impossible to keep the harvest for a long time.
- It is possible to grow from the seeds of the cucumber variety Larton F Outwardly, the plant resembles a liana with striped cucumbers in the form of fruits. As they ripen, they round out, becoming like a melon. Up to 20 pieces are collected from one bush, each weighing 1.2 kg.
- Melonflechuosus is represented by several varieties: Taro, Marks and others. Ripe fruits have a serpentine shape, inside the vegetable has a juicy pulp, similar in taste to a melon. Ripening periods vary within 68-80 days, the weight of one cucumber reaches 5 kg. Up to 10 fruits grow on one bush.
How to grow cucumber
The volume of the crop and the peculiarities of plant care depend on the method of its cultivation. Ogurdynia can be planted both in greenhouse conditions and in the open field.
Attention! Gourd cultivation and care is also carried out on the balcony. It is important to comply with the basic requirements - this is regular feeding and moisturizing, a sufficient amount of light.
Growing and caring for cucumbers in the open field
The culture is supportive of the sun's rays, so it is recommended to choose a non-shaded area, without drafts. Gourd should not be grown near the Melon family. This will prevent cross-pollination.
Planting dates for cucumbers
For growing cucumbers in the Moscow region in the open field, it is recommended to start preparatory work from the end of April. The sprouts are transferred to open ground one month after planting.
Landing site preparation
In addition to proper care, it is important to fertilize the soil when growing cucumbers. In the fall, the site is dug up, then top dressing is applied to it: by 1 m2 you need 25 g of superphosphate, 15 g of ammonium nitrate, 12 g of potassium sulfate and ½ a bucket of humus.
Important! When growing cucumber in the suburbs of Moscow, marginal soil is one of the main reasons for a poor crop yield. If you follow the rules of care, vegetables grow smaller, with a reduced taste.
Preparation of planting material
It is recommended to use peat pots as containers, which decompose in the soil. This will prevent damage to the root system when transplanting the crop.
When using reusable containers, they must be thoroughly rinsed, treated with a solution of potassium permanganate and dried. Ventilation holes are formed at the bottom of the dish.
The purchased seeds should be soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate for 20-30 minutes for disinfection, and then treated with growth stimulants (Potassium humate or Epin). To check the germination of the planting material, it is placed in a damp cloth and wrapped in a plastic bag. The first shoots appear on the second day. Dead seeds are removed, live samples are transferred to containers with soil.
Before planting seedlings, the soil is well moistened, after which the processed material is deepened into it by 1-1.5 cm, sprinkled with earth.
Care consists in transferring the container to a sunny, windless place, timely moistening the soil and ventilating the seedlings.
How to plant a cucumber
It is necessary to transfer seedlings when the weather is warm and sunny. The soil is loosened, holes are formed at a distance of 1 m from each other and top dressing is applied.
Agrotechnology of the cucumber consists in transferring the seedling to the ground in such a way that the root system is evenly distributed along the bottom of the pit and covered with soil. After transplantation, the culture is abundantly moistened, protection in the form of greenhouses is installed over it.
Important! When growing cucumbers from seeds, it is important not to neglect protection from frost and bad weather conditions: young plants are very sensitive to temperature changes. Neglecting this rule of care will lead to a decrease in the number of ovaries.
On the Internet, you can find a video on growing gourd, taking into account the region. The main principles of care are to create comfortable conditions for the development of the plant.
The vegetable does not need to be watered often; it is recommended to moisten the soil with warm water. After the fruit is set, the procedure is shortened. This prevents cracking of the fruit, it ripens less watery.
It is recommended not to neglect the shaping procedure. To do this, pinch the main stem after the appearance of 5-6 leaves. Proper care promotes the formation of more female flowers on the lateral branches.
It is imperative in the process of growing a crop to apply fertilizers to the soil. The soil is fertilized with a mixture of manure and saltpeter (for 0.5 buckets of 1 tbsp. L.). The components are poured into 1 liter of water, mixed and watered with infusion around the bush every 14 days.
To build up the green mass, it is recommended to fertilize the gourd with bird droppings. After the beginning of flowering, this type of feeding is removed.
Growing and caring for a cucumber in a greenhouse
When cultivating crops in greenhouse conditions, the soil is prepared in advance, fertilizing and digging, temperature and humidity are controlled.
The seeds are placed in the holes at a distance of 5-7 cm, after the emergence of shoots, the most viable plants are left. It is important to adhere to a temperature regime of 25-30 ˚С. With an increase in this indicator, the culture discards the ovaries, which leads to a decrease in yield.
Insufficient lighting is the reason for the formation of barren flowers, therefore it is recommended to equip trellises and supports in the greenhouse. Heavy fruits are hung in nets. With a horizontal arrangement of the shoots, the whips are sprinkled with earth in several places. This allows the culture to form additional roots and provide itself with useful substances.
The first fruits can be removed one month after planting. It is important to keep the stalk intact when picking vegetables: this will increase the shelf life of the cucumber.
Ripe, undamaged fruits are preserved for a month; it is not recommended to transport them over long distances.
Diseases and pests
The culture is characterized by the presence of strong immunity to various diseases and pests. Poor weather conditions and improper care weaken the plant, so there is a risk of developing fungal infections.
The main symptomatology is the dying off of petals on flowers and ovaries. To prevent fungal infections, the culture is treated with fungicidal agents with copper (Fitosporin).
Important! The affected parts of the plant must be removed: they serve as a source of spread of the disease. A solution of potassium permanganate is applied to the sections.
To scare away birds, the fruits are covered with a net or special devices that create noise are installed nearby.
The main cultivation method for gourd is seed or seedling cultivation. From varieties marked F1, seed collection is not possible: the plants will differ from the parent in characteristics.
For reproduction and cultivation of a certain variety, the vegetable is expected to fully ripen, after which the seeds are removed from it, washed and dried, stored in a cloth or paper envelope in a dark place.
Competent cultivation and care of the cucumber allow the gardener to cultivate an exotic culture on his site, delighting with its unusual taste and appearance. Ripe vegetables have a wide range of applications, but they are not stored for a long time; it is possible to collect seeds from some varieties. Growing and caring for cucumbers is possible both in the open field and in greenhouse conditions.
Reviews of ogurdyn from those who planted
Antonova Elena Sergeevna, 46 years old, Moscow
She received ogurdyn seeds as a gift from a neighbor in the country. I planted part of the seeds in open ground, placed several seedlings in a greenhouse. Taking care of bushes in a greenhouse is easier: tying up, watering and controlling the temperature in a timely manner. In the open field, growing and caring for a crop without a greenhouse is difficult: the bush quickly withers, although it can withstand bad weather conditions. The ripe vegetable tastes like a melon, but not as sweet.
Sinelnikov Andrey Viktorovich, 39 years old, Kolomna
The desire to taste exotic contributed to the acquisition of cucumber seeds. The crop was grown in a greenhouse; special care conditions, except for irrigation and fertilization, were not organized. Despite this, the culture pleased with the abundant ovary and early fruits. They taste sweet, aromatic and juicy. Before the term, plucked fruits can be confused with cucumbers: the same shape, smell, but there is sweetness when eaten. Ripe cucumbers are stored for no more than 50 days.