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Canadian breeders have developed a raspberry variety that has gained high popularity and has become a recognized leader among the best. We are talking about Tulamin raspberries, a description of the variety, photos and reviews of which will be posted in the article. Gardeners in Canada, Europe and the United States are happy to plant a variety of raspberries on their plots and harvest beautiful, tasty berries. If you need to feel the real taste of raspberries, the farmers recommend trying the raspberries “Tulamin. The variety is considered the benchmark for raspberry flavor. In the Russian climate, Tulamin raspberries are easier to grow in greenhouses, but in the south, gardeners get good results even without shelter.
Consider the main characteristics and nuances of growing raspberries on the site. And also we will get acquainted with the description of the variety and the photo of the Tulamin raspberry.
Characteristics and description of the variety
According to the term of fruiting, the Tulamin raspberry belongs to the middle-late summer varieties. The harvest is ready for harvest from the end of July, this period, important for gardeners, continues until the beginning of September.
The raspberry variety forms rather large bushes. Mature plants grow to a height of 2 meters or more. Raspberry "Tulamin" has a small number of shoots. This is enough for the reproduction of the raspberry variety, but no special measures are required to protect the site from excessive proliferation of the culture. Bushes near Tulamin raspberries are powerful with few thorns and grow quickly. Leaves are rich green and medium in size.
The yield of the raspberry variety is quite high. If you do not violate the requirements of agricultural technology, you can get 3 kg of ripe large berries from one Tulamin bush. And if you pay more attention to the variety, then this value will increase to 3.5-4 kg.
The self-fertility of the Tulamin raspberry is also noted in the description of the variety. The characteristic allows farmers to plant bushes in an array, without worrying about the location of pollinating varieties. The plantings of Tulamin raspberries look compact, the plants retain their maximum yield.
The fruits are worth mentioning separately. The berries of the Tulamin raspberry are large, sweet (with a slight sourness), and aromatic.
Those who grow the plant speak of the raspberry fruits only with admiration. One berry weighs 6 g and exudes an unsurpassed aroma. In their reviews, gardeners consider the most important advantage to be the same size of Tulamin raspberries during the entire fruiting period.
Important! The berries grow large all the time, do not shrink, retain their rich color and aroma.
When stored, the shape and size remain the same. The conical shape of the fruits allows them to be compactly packed into containers for transportation. Therefore, it is a very advantageous parameter for commercial cultivation of raspberries.
Another quality of Tulamin raspberries, which makes the variety very attractive for gardeners, is good winter hardiness. Of course, in the harsh winter, raspberries freeze, but at low temperatures in the southern regions they winters well even without shelter. Canadian scientists took care of this at the stage of breeding the Tulamin variety.
Tulamin bushes have high resistance to raspberry diseases. The high resistance of the variety to infection lesions ensures that the fruits do not rot during storage.
Versatility of application. Raspberries of this variety are good fresh, as blanks, suitable for freezing.
Landing in open ground
Raspberries "Tulamin" are grown in one place for 12 years, so the choice of a place for planting should be approached very responsibly. For Tulamin, a flat area is allocated with good lighting and drainage.
Raspberries do not like moisture stagnation. Usually, if inexpensive tulamin garden raspberry seedlings are needed, they are purchased with an open root system. This type of planting material:
- has a limited timeframe from purchase to landing;
- requires planting in completely thawed soil.
To avoid a large percentage of lunge when planting raspberry seedlings, the site is prepared in advance. And after acquiring raspberry bushes, they are immediately planted in the ground, having previously dipped the roots in a clay chatterbox.
A smart solution would be to arrange rows of Tulamin raspberries along the hedge, where the plants will be protected from the wind, and in winter they will receive good snow cover. The predecessors should not be crops with similar diseases. These include potatoes, tomatoes, strawberries.
Important! In the open field, you can get a good harvest of this variety only in the southeastern regions.
If the planting of Tulamin raspberries is scheduled for spring, then soil preparation should be started in the fall. If it is decided to plant seedlings in the fall, then a month before the scheduled date, they already begin to prepare the site. The earth is dug deeply with the simultaneous application of fertilizers. Raspberries respond well to the addition of humus, compost and mineral components. Organics need 3 buckets per 1 sq. m, superphosphate is enough 60 g, potash fertilizers - 40 g.
Garden raspberries "Tulamin" are grown in two ways:
- Kustov. Moreover, each raspberry plant is planted in a separate hole and no more than 10 shoots are left in the bush.
- Shpalerny. This is the name of the tape method of planting raspberries in a row. For this method, trenches are dug.
For bush planting of raspberries, pits measuring 40 x 50 cm are prepared.For a trench, the same parameters are maintained.
In any case:
- a small mound is poured onto the bottom;
- moisten the roots of the raspberry seedling in a solution of soil mixture or mullein;
- lower the plant into the planting hole;
- sprinkle with soil (the root collar is raised above ground level by a few cm);
- gently tamp;
- water the raspberries.
The optimal arrangement of Tulamin raspberry seedlings on the plot for bush planting is 1 m between plants and 2 m between rows. For trenches, they adhere to the following dimensions:
- between the bushes 40 cm;
- between trenches 1 m.
With good development of the buds, the seedlings are cut, leaving no more than 30 cm in length. After watering, the plants are mulched.
Important! If a good rain has passed before planting, then the raspberries do not need excess moisture. Therefore, it is better to cancel watering.
In the greenhouse
The scheme of planting raspberries "Tulamin" for a greenhouse is 0.4 mx 2.0 m. If it is decided to plant the bushes in containers, then each should contain at least 5 liters of high-quality substrate. No more than 2 raspberry plants are placed in one pot, on a ridge 5 per 1 sq. m.
According to gardeners, the most favorite type of care for Tulamin raspberries is watering. The crop is very susceptible to moisture. It is impossible to pour raspberries, but even without a sufficient amount of moisture, the roots will not provide the plant with the necessary elements. It is especially important to regularly water Tulamin after planting so that the plant takes root well. The soil must be soaked in water to the depth of the root tips. Within a month, the frequency of watering raspberries is maintained 1-2 times a week, pouring 1 bucket of water under one bush. In dry times, the volume is increased to 15 liters per plant. You should also not forget about the autumn watering of raspberries, which the variety needs during the period of laying the growth points of the shoots.
The second important step in leaving is loosening. Raspberry plantings are loosened after watering, but very carefully. The root system is close to the soil surface, so care is required. To simplify this operation, gardeners use mulching. Sawdust or humus will do (it will additionally serve as fertilizer), peat, hay (without seeds!). If it is decided to take compost, then there should be no leaves of fruit trees in it. Pests like to hibernate in them.
And one more necessary action when caring for Tulamin raspberries is a garter of bushes. In a single planting, 2 stakes are driven between two bushes, onto which the branches of both plants are tied, combining them in a fan. For trench planting, tapestries are used.
Summer activities for the care of Tulamin raspberries, we list based on the description of the variety and gardeners' reviews:
- Remove excess young growth. You can either cut off the shoots or dig in. This must be done so that the raspberry bush does not lose a lot of energy to support the young.
- Before flowering, spray with a solution of copper sulfate. Additionally, you need to regularly monitor the quality of lighting of the bushes and weed weeds. If the shoots do not have enough sun, then it will be more difficult for raspberries to resist pest attacks and diseases.
- When the ovaries begin to form, feed the Tulamin raspberries with organic matter. For this purpose, an infusion of bird droppings (1:15) is suitable. Then it is diluted with water again in a ratio of 1:10. One bush will need 5 liters of fertilizing solution.
After harvesting, it is necessary to prune the last year's fruiting shoots. Simultaneously remove the sick, the weak and the excess. Leave 9-10 healthy branches on the bush, on which to cut off the tops.
Now let's dwell on the autumn events. The list consists of watering and one more top dressing. During this period, buds are laid for a new crop. Fertilizers are applied with alternation of organic matter and mineral complexes. If it is the turn of organic feeding, 3 buckets of manure per 1 sq. m. If the mineral complex, then take any for the fall without nitrogen. Before the onset of frost, they remove the leaves under the bushes, dig up the soil. If the plantings were mulched, then the mulch is embedded in the soil.
When a subzero temperature is established on the site even in the daytime, the raspberry tree is shed for the last time, the leaves are removed, the branches are tilted to the ground and pinned. Cover with spruce branches or straw from above.
Important! Do not collect shoots in a bunch, otherwise the buds will freeze under the snow.
In the greenhouse, the variety grows more intensively, therefore trellis and tying are necessary.
I grow Tulamin in the open field. I like the variety for its unpretentiousness and excellent taste. I try to pay attention to watering and feeding, these raspberries are not greatly disturbed by diseases. So that the roots are not damaged by rot, I make sure that there are no potatoes, peppers or eggplants among the predecessors. It is important not to plant crops suffering from the same pests next to raspberries. I cover for the winter, although not very much.
My Tulamin raspberry grows in a greenhouse. Powerful beautiful plant. The harvest gives a very high quality, the berries are well stored and retain their characteristics. The variety is very resistant to diseases, only you need to keep the root from rot - monitor watering, gently loosen the ground and feed the bushes.