Krona is a young but promising potato variety from Germany that can be grown anywhere in the country. He is undemanding to agricultural technology and consistently pleases with the harvest, for which he is very much appreciated. Crohn's potatoes can be recommended for both novice gardeners and summer residents who, due to circumstances, cannot often visit their plots.
In the article, we will consider a detailed description and photo of Crohn's potatoes, give him a description and get acquainted with his reviews. We will also analyze the features of cultivation and agricultural technology.
Crohn's potatoes were created by German breeders of the German company Bavaria-Saat GBR through many years of selection. This is an agrotechnical enterprise that is engaged in the development of new varieties and their reproduction.
In 2015, the German hybrid was included in the state register of Russia. Since potatoes of this variety tolerate temperature fluctuations and a lack of moisture well, they began to actively propagate and plant them in many regions of the country. He also began to quickly gain popularity in Europe.
Crohn's potatoes are a hardy medium-early ripening variety that easily tolerates drought. Possesses high productivity, withstands storage, transportation and packing.
Description of the bush
Crohn's potato bushes are medium spreading and erect. The average height of the stems is 50 cm. The leaves are medium in size, a matte surface with clear veins, slightly wavy edges and a rich, green color.
Small corollas with large, snow-white flowers are formed at the tops of the stems. They quickly fall off, few berries are tied. One bush brings 10-15 tubers, as it develops a powerful root system.
Description of tubers
Crown tubers are of medium size, with a diameter of 4 to 7 cm and a weight of 75 to 135 g. They have an oval shape and a smooth surface with inconspicuous, small eyes. The pulp is juicy and yellow. The peel is thin, monochromatic, lemon-colored.
The taste of this potato variety is rich and not watery. Contains a moderate amount of starch, 13% on average. Therefore, when cutting, the tubers retain their color and do not darken. Potatoes are high in nutrients, carotene, proteins and fiber.
Advantages and disadvantages
Crohn's potatoes are very popular with gardeners in many countries. This is due to the fact that it is one of the most unpretentious varieties, which has many advantages:
- Suitable for growing in almost all climatic zones. It can be planted in both hot and cold regions.
- Tolerates drought and temperature rise.
- Undemanding to the composition of the soil. Potatoes can grow in any type of soil.
- Almost all tubers are of high commercial quality. There are few small and substandard potatoes.
- High resistance to diseases harmful to most potato varieties. Crohn is not affected by late blight, potato cancer, scab and rot.
- Good keeping quality. With long storage, 96% of the crop is preserved.
- During transportation, the roots are not damaged or darkened, they retain their original appearance.
- Seed material retains varietal qualities and does not degenerate.
The root vegetable is ideal for making frozen vegetable mixes and fries. Culinary specialists fry it, stuff it and bake it. When cooked, the vegetable does not boil over and retains its shape, therefore it is not suitable for making mashed potatoes.
There are few disadvantages of this variety of potatoes. When growing on dense and rocky soil, some tubers may take an irregular shape. And with an excess of moisture in the soil and frequent watering, potatoes can crack or rot. But this can be avoided by providing the potatoes with minimal and rational care.
Productivity and ripening time
Crohn's potatoes are a medium early variety. From the stage of planting to maturation of tubers, it takes from 100 to 110 days, and from the moment of germination - 80-90 days.
Plantings of this variety bring a bountiful harvest. Its size depends on the climate and weather conditions of the growing region. On average, you can get 54 tons of potatoes per hectare. The maximum yield is 65 t / ha.
Important! Tubers should be planted in soil warmed up to 10 degrees. If the temperature is lower, plant development will slow down. In the middle lane, potatoes are usually planted in May.
Despite the fact that Crohn's potatoes are unpretentious to grow, you need to make some effort to enjoy delicious potatoes. Compliance with the features and rules of agricultural technology guarantees a rich harvest.
Site selection and processing
It is better to choose a plot for Crohn's potatoes on the southern and south-western slopes. They are well illuminated by the sun's rays, and the earth warms up better on them.
The culture prefers loose and slightly acidic soil. You can determine the acidity by plants: chamomile, wheatgrass, clover and dandelion usually grow on such soil. Potatoes of this variety grow well on sandy, black earth and loamy soils.
If the groundwater lies nearby, then the planting of the vegetable should be placed on the ridges or ridges. The best predecessors of potatoes: cabbage, legumes, winter crops, root crops. You should not plant potatoes in an area where nightshade crops grew. When digging, a small amount of organic fertilizer can be added to the soil. The best is rotted horse manure.
Important! It is not recommended to grow potatoes in the same place every year, as the soil is depleted and the yield decreases.
A month before planting potatoes in the soil, you need to prepare planting material. To do this, you need to select healthy medium-sized tubers weighing from 50 to 80 g. For the prevention of diseases, the vegetable can be dipped in a solution of copper sulfate. After drying, treat with a growth stimulant.
The next stage is germination. To do this, the planting potatoes are laid out in boxes in 1-2 layers and removed to a bright room. The first 7 days maintain the temperature at 20-22aboutC, then reduce it to 7-8aboutC and the potatoes are kept for another 4 weeks. Periodically spray it with water and turn it over. The vegetable should be dark green in color. When sprouts 10-15 mm long are formed, the potatoes can be planted.
Advice! Do not buy planting tubers from questionable sellers. They can be contaminated with spores of pathogenic bacteria, which, when released into the ground, cover the entire crop.
After preparing the planting material, you can start planting it. In this case, it is necessary to take into account some agrotechnical features of the Crohn potato:
- the tubers should be planted at a distance of 25 to 30 cm;
- between the rows you need to leave at least 65 cm;
- the planting depth of potatoes should be 4-5 cm.
If the area allows, then the distance between holes and beds can be increased. This makes it easier to care for the potatoes.
Crohn does not require special care. Good potatoes of this variety can be grown with minimal effort. To obtain the maximum yield, hilling, weed removal, timely moistening of the earth and top dressing are required.
Crohn's potatoes tolerate short-term drought and water shortages well. But in order to get a high-quality and plentiful harvest, moderate watering is recommended during the period of bud formation. With a lack of moisture, the plant does not die, but a large amount of small potatoes can form.
On average, 2-3 waterings are required for the entire season. It is necessary to avoid getting water on the leaves, as this can contribute to the appearance of late blight.
The first hilling should be carried out when the height of the Crown shoots reaches 15-18 cm. The measure replaces both loosening and weeding. And in unstable climatic conditions, it protects seedlings from recurrent spring frosts.
The second hilling is performed 15-20 days after the first. Sometimes this is enough. But if the grown bushes begin to fall apart, tubers peep out of the soil, the procedure should be carried out again.
It is recommended to huddle the bushes after rain, since the moist soil does not crumble. This contributes to the appearance of additional shoots, on which tubers are then formed.
Advice! It is preferable to process potatoes in the evening or in the morning when the activity of the sun decreases.
Crohn's potatoes do not need frequent feeding. But the moderate application of various fertilizers will increase the quality of the tubers and bring a good increase in the yield.
From organic matter, it is best to use rotted manure and wood ash. From mineral - phosphorus-potassium fertilizing.
Important! It is not recommended to apply nitrogen-containing fertilizers, since the high nitrogen content in the soil contributes to the growth of green mass.
Crohn's has good immunity to many diseases that can easily affect other potato varieties. The plant is not susceptible to rot, common scab, potato cancer and viral infections. Green mass and tubers are rarely affected by late blight.
To protect potatoes before planting, root crops must be treated with Bordeaux liquid or copper sulfate solution. The soil must be watered with a disinfectant. It is advisable to change the site for planting this culture every year.
Young leaves and stems can be parasitized by: aphids, Colorado beetles, spider mites and cicadas. To protect potatoes from them, it is necessary to remove weeds in a timely manner and mulch the soil. In case of massive damage, the plant needs to be treated with insecticides, which must be applied before flowering.
Alexander, 34 years old, Ufa
I got planting potatoes of the Krona variety, because many people praise it. I planted it in clean clay, as there was no other place. And the result surprised me a lot, an excellent potato has grown. The bush is small, smooth and even tubers as a selection. Top five taste. I took a full 10-liter bucket from four bushes. Let's see how this variety behaves during storage.
Oksana, 25 years old, Nizhny Novgorod
I grow several varieties of potatoes at my summer cottage. Last year there was a dry summer, and only Crohn brought a good harvest. In other varieties, tubers were burst, only small ones remained intact. The taste is pleasant, the size is average.
Crohn's potatoes are a new and promising variety that can be grown both for individual consumption and on an industrial scale. It is ideal for transportation, storage and packaging. Even an inexperienced gardener can grow a potato of this variety, since it is undemanding to care for.