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It has long become a family tradition to prepare vegetable stocks for the winter, especially the most expensive and beloved cucumbers for everyone. This vegetable is the most desirable on the table not only as an appetizer to dishes, but also as an ingredient in various salads. The harvested green harvest of gherkins pleases with its beautiful bright green gherkins. A jar of canned cucumbers draws to itself with the smell of fragrant marinade. Everyone loves to crunch pickled cucumbers with pleasure. In order for them to turn out delicious, you need to carefully understand the varieties.
In the abundance of the cucumber world of varieties, it is difficult to navigate. The need to choose varieties that are more suitable for canning, will be well preserved, have the best taste, all cucumber lovers wish. The appearance of a cucumber is taken into account in the first place during selection, with a careful examination, each vegetable is touched by touch. Fresh fruits will always have juiciness, and still crunch perfectly. Strong cucumbers, without defects and various damages, have a great advantage in selection. At first glance, there is nothing complicated in this process; this issue should be approached with a special store of knowledge, which is easy to acquire from this article.
Tested by experienced gardeners, the best cucumber seeds have been selected with specific high preservation requirements in mind. Their choice should be approached thoroughly, it is advisable to buy in specialized stores. The provided certificate containing information about the year, data on germination, purity, and other important indicators will help you make the right choice. At the same time, the risk of purchasing low-quality products is much reduced.
Advice! For outdoor cultivation, the seeds must be specific to the region.
When choosing seeds, resistance should be considered:
- to temperature changes;
- to the wind;
- to cold air;
- to a reduced level of humidity.
Pay attention to the packaging, it must be dry and not damaged. Manufacturers pack products in colorful packages, their inspiring descriptions don't always come true. The best cucumber seeds have a long shelf life of up to eight years, and empty ones can be found on the surface of salted water.
Warning! It is not recommended to soak processed cucumber seeds purchased in the store with potassium permanganate, this can destroy them.
The best varieties
Proven best varieties for canning - mid and late ripening. They are grown not only in greenhouses, but also in open beds. The appearance of new varieties of cucumbers also does not guarantee the best properties of vegetables when canning. Of the many varieties of gherkins, not all are suitable because of their softness, or in terms of taste. Basically, they choose short cucumbers up to 15 cm. They have a thin skin and a size that fits perfectly in a jar.
Important! Cucumbers should have fruits with a delicate skin that absorbs the brine thoroughly when canning.
Cucumbers differ in their morphological structure. The thorns can be black, white and brown. They perform an evaporating function, regulate the release of moisture. This contributes to the very rapid ingress of the pickle into the cucumber during canning. High performance is always interconnected with the criteria for color, size, and the presence of thorns. Consider which varieties are the best for canning.
Attention! Large-knobby varieties of cucumbers with black thorns are the best for pickling brine when canning.
A popular bee-pollinated, mid-season variety. Long-leaved, vigorous, mixed flowering type. You can get the first cucumbers on day 55 from germination. It has small greens, an oval large-tuberous shape, weighing up to 100 grams. The surface of the cucumber is covered with black thorns. The crispy structure of the strong gherkin, when preserved, has a soft flesh with an aromatic taste. It is characterized by excellent disease resistance of the fruit. With excellent, long-term fruiting of gherkins, the highest yield is obtained.
It is completely unpretentious to agrotechnical measures, very tolerant to drought.
The oldest of the late-ripening bee-pollinated varieties of cucumbers, which came to us from the middle of the last century, is in great demand. Has a light color of the fruit and an elongated tuberous shape. The average weight of gherkins reaches up to 100 grams. Black spines and small bumps cover the surface of the cucumber. Vyaznikovsky 37 has established itself as the best in canning cucumbers. Allows harvesting 50 days after planting. Up to three kilograms of fruit can be obtained from one square meter.
Remarkably resists diseases: bacteriosis and powdery mildew.
Late-ripening type of variety. It has a medium-sized, densely leafy plant. Good indicators of germination, amicable ripening of the crop occurs on the 55th day. Aligned slightly ribbed greens, weighing up to 130 grams. Possesses aromatic pleasant taste of cucumbers when canned. The surface of the flesh of gherkins is dense and crispy. The variety is resistant and unpretentious to diseases. It perfectly tolerates short-term cold snap and drought.
Refers to a mid-season bee-pollinated variety. Grown indoors and outdoors. The cucumber has soft black spines and large surface bumps. The very first cucumbers can be harvested after germination in a month and a half. It is very easy to pick fruits, as it has a long stem, reaching a length of up to 7 cm. The weight of gherkins reaches 130 grams.
By the number of vegetables harvested, it breaks all records. The duration of the harvest is increased due to the high ability of cucumbers to resist infectious diseases - powdery mildew and bacteriosis.
A late-ripening variety of gherkins. The first greens of the variety can be obtained in 50 days. Graceful is grown both in the open field, planting seeds or seedlings, and in a greenhouse. It is characterized by cold resistance. The surface of the small lumpy cucumber has an ideal taste. The fruit yield of gherkins is up to 8 kg per 1 sq. m. Storage in jars during canning is possible up to one year. Resistance to bacteriosis, brown spot.
Important! The main feature of cucumbers for canning is the pubescence of the ovary.
It is a bee-pollinated and late-maturing variety. Resistance to major diseases is its main value. Possesses the most ideal technological parameters of the fruit. Grown in shelters under a film and on unprotected ground for up to 55 days. Zelentsy are dark green in color, with a small tuberous surface. It has a cylindrical shape of a cucumber, up to 8 cm in size. Canning the fragrant gherkins of the Sadko Hybrid is a pleasure, since they are intended only for harvesting for the winter.
Harvesting is required at least three times a week.
The name of this unique variety comes from the miniature size of the fruit, their size reaches 7 cm. Cucumbers are formed in bunches of the leaf axils. Small tuberous gherkins, when preserved, have the same shape and size. The surface of the cucumber peel is a rich green color, with stripes of a light shade. The average ripening period of fruits is up to 45 days. It is characterized by high yields of cucumbers. Medium-growing plant, has a feminine flowering. It tolerates high temperatures and insufficient watering. It is characterized by resistance to almost many cucumber diseases.
Refers to a mid-ripening, self-pollinated variety of cucumbers, fruiting occurs on the 50th day from germination. It is rich in an abundance of female flowers, up to 8 pieces of cucumbers grow in one string. It has small and medium cylindrical gherkins, with a small tuberous surface. The range of fruit weight ranges from 90 to 105 cm. The yield of gherkins is the most excellent, you can collect up to 7 kilograms from 1 sq. It has the most important advantage - the absolute absence of fruit bitterness during canning.
Advice! Self-pollinated varieties are more suitable for harvesting than others because of the large yield.
Cucumber selection rules
Having chosen the best varieties, it is also necessary to reasonably select the best fruits for canning, adhering to the following requirements:
- firm, elastic to the touch;
- no damaged surfaces;
- the presence of thorns, tubercles on the surface of the cucumber;
- elastic tail of the fetus;
- the absence of a void inside the cucumber when cut;
- the minimum amount of cucumber seeds inside;
- lack of bitterness.
Based on important recommendations and advice, it is possible to choose the best varieties of varieties. The right choice is a 100% guarantee of delicious pickles. Only after passing such a thorough control, you can be sure of an excellent selection. Amazing cucumbers will delight gardeners, lovers of gherkins with their excellent quality and abundance.