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The benefits and harms of cherries


The benefits and harms of cherries are incomparable, since it has much more useful properties than negative ones. Visually, it is very similar to cherries, and just like cherries, it can be eaten in different forms - fresh, in compotes or juices, as well as in the form of jam.

Cherry: is it a berry or fruit

The question of how to correctly name the fruits of a cherry tree is rather controversial. Someone considers it a berry, someone refers to a fruit (which is more correctly called the fruit of a fruit tree). The confusion in terminology arises from the fact that the definition of fruits and berries is rather vague. In everyday life, they are distinguished by size: a small fruit is called a berry, and for this reason, a cherry belongs to berries. However, there is another criterion: from the point of view of botany, the main difference between a berry and a fruit is the presence of a large number of seeds inside the berry. Cherry does not correspond to this characteristic, and that is why it is referred to as stone fruits (fruits). However, in everyday life it is customary to call it a berry.

The composition of vitamins and minerals in cherries

Like many other natural vegetables and fruits, the berry contains a large amount of various trace elements that somehow affect the body.

Vitamin content in cherries

Its chemical composition is very diverse and includes many vitamins and minerals. However, their number varies greatly. So, it is especially rich in vitamins such as:

  • vitamin C;
  • vitamin E;
  • vitamin P;
  • vitamin A;
  • vitamin B1 and B2.

The fruits also contain the following minerals:

  • potassium;
  • calcium;
  • phosphorus;
  • magnesium;
  • sodium.

Thus, from the point of view of the content of substances valuable for the body, the fruits are very useful.

Sweet cherry: calorie content of fresh berries

The calorie content of cherries per 100 grams depends on whether they are fresh or dried.

So, the calorie content of fresh cherries with pits is only 52 kilocalories per 100 grams, which is relatively small for a fruit, but in dried fruits there are much more calories. Compared to the calorie content of fresh fruits, the calorie content of dried fruits is four times higher - per 100 grams, it is approximately 210 kilocalories.

How many carbohydrates are in cherries

Unfortunately, in terms of the amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, this berry is far from the optimal indicator, since it contains too many carbohydrates. So, per 100 grams of the product there are:

  • 61.5 g protein;
  • 0.4 g fat;
  • 11 g of carbohydrates.

The benefits and harms of cherries, depending on the color of the fruit

The fruits differ depending on the type of tree. But these differences are not limited to color, the chemical composition of the fruit also undergoes changes.

Yellow cherry

Contains more vitamin C and iodine than other varieties, therefore it is useful for thyroid diseases. In addition, since it does not contain natural dyes, it can be eaten by allergy sufferers. Ripens earlier than other varieties.

Has anti-inflammatory effect. Yellow berries contain a large amount of fructose, so with type 2 diabetes it is better to refrain from consuming them.

White cherry

The white berry has the same properties as any other variety. Like yellow, it contains a minimum of food allergens. However, it contains less vitamin C.

The positive side of this variety is the increased shelf life.

Red cherry

Dark varieties of berries are distinguished by a wide variety of chemical composition. So, in the red fruits there is much more iron, and the polyphenols contained in the berries make cherries a natural pain reliever.

The disadvantage of red varieties is their allergenicity.

Pink cherry

Its properties are similar to white varieties.

Black cherry

Its properties are similar to red varieties.

Useful properties of wild cherries

In terms of properties, wild cherries do not differ from domesticated ones; the main difference is that wild berries have a bitter taste.

The benefits of cherries for the human body

The fruits are useful in many cases - both for diseases and as a prophylaxis and a source of useful elements. Due to the variety of vitamins and minerals contained in berries, they are useful for:

  • stress and problems with the nervous system, since they normalize its activity;
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • type 1 diabetes, because it contains a large amount of fructose;
  • hypertension, as it lowers blood pressure;
  • pregnancy and vascular problems, as they help to strengthen blood vessels;
  • skin problems;
  • constipation, as they are a natural laxative.

Why cherries are useful for men

For the male body (and lifestyle), certain properties of berries are especially well suited, such as:

  • elimination of toxins and cleansing of the body;
  • lowering blood pressure and lowering blood cholesterol levels;
  • strengthening the nervous system;
  • prevention of diseases of the reproductive system.

Why cherries are useful for a woman's body

For the female body, this berry is no less useful, since it:

  1. Improves skin condition thanks to the presence of antioxidants.
  2. Affects reproductive function, increases the likelihood of conceiving a child.
  3. Has a diuretic effect, reduces puffiness.
  4. Promotes weight loss, due to the fact that the consumption of berries in food normalizes the intestines, as well as due to the low calorie content.

Cherries during pregnancy: norms and restrictions

Since the female body is especially sensitive during pregnancy, you should choose foods carefully. Of course, berries have many useful properties, but there are also contraindications to their use.

During pregnancy, the berry can be beneficial for the following reasons:

  • vitamin C provides the prevention of colds;
  • the minerals contained in the berries affect not only the woman, but also the embryo - for example, phosphorus and calcium contribute to the formation of the child's musculoskeletal system;
  • sweet cherry strengthens the nervous system.

However, there are contraindications in which it is impossible to eat the berry, and the observance of these contraindications must be closely monitored, especially while carrying a child.

These include:

  • individual intolerance to the product;
  • gastritis, indigestion and any trauma to the gastrointestinal tract;
  • hypotension;
  • type 2 diabetes.

Is it possible for pregnant cherries

If there are no contraindications to the use of the fruit, then it can be safely eaten, and pregnancy is not a contraindication.

However, due to the high fructose content, the amount of cherries during pregnancy should be limited to about half a kilogram per day.

Cherries during pregnancy: 1 trimester

During this period, the use of fruits for food is desirable because of their beneficial qualities, however, its amount should be limited to 0.5 kg per day.

Cherries during pregnancy: 2 trimester

During this period, berries are especially useful if a woman's swelling increases, but it is undesirable to consume them in large quantities.

Cherries during pregnancy: 3 trimester

As in the second trimester, berries are consumed with increased swelling, however, if a pregnant woman suffers from swelling, they should be eaten only some time after eating.

Is it possible to use cherries while breastfeeding

Since the composition of breast milk depends on the food eaten by a woman, the selection of the menu must be taken seriously. When breastfeeding, this berry is not prohibited, however, it is advisable not to immediately introduce it into the diet, but to wait two to three months. At first, it is better to limit yourself to yellow or white varieties. If the child has irritation or a rash after the mother has eaten cherries, you need to refrain from berries.

Is it possible for a nursing mother to red cherries

Red cherries contain many beneficial elements, but they also contain natural dyes that can cause allergies. Therefore, during the period of breastfeeding, it is necessary to use red varieties with caution and stop immediately if the child becomes irritated or other negative consequences arise.

Cherries for children: at what age, and in what quantities

Small children should be given this berry carefully due to the possibility of allergies or temporary stomach upset. It is best to introduce it into the diet starting with varieties of light shades - yellow or white, since they have the least amount of allergens. You can give it to children from about one year of age.

You can't go overboard with the quantity: the first time you need to give one or two berries, and then carefully monitor the child's condition. If there are no negative consequences, the amount can be increased to 50 g per day. Starting from three years old, you can increase the amount of consumed berries up to 150 g per day.

Effects of cherries on the health of the elderly

For people aged, sweet cherry is extremely useful because it:

  1. Lowers blood pressure and strengthens blood vessels.
  2. Lowers cholesterol.
  3. It has a general strengthening effect on the body.
  4. Strengthens vision.
  5. Improves metabolism.
  6. Slows down the aging process due to antioxidants.

Useful properties of cherries for the body

The use of this berry has a positive effect on many body systems.

What are the benefits of cherries for the cardiovascular system

Since cherry strengthens blood vessels and restores their elasticity, and also (thanks to potassium) helps to regulate the heart and normalize blood pressure, the likelihood of cardiovascular diseases is reduced.

The effect of cherries on the gastrointestinal tract

Berries have a positive effect on digestion, cleanse the stomach of various toxins, thereby improving the state of the gastrointestinal tract. However, a number of contraindications are associated with the work of the gastrointestinal tract.

Is it possible to have cherries with gastritis

For any damage to the gastrointestinal tract - gastritis, ulcers, indigestion - you cannot eat cherries.

Is it possible to eat cherries with pancreatitis

It is necessary to draw up a daily menu for pancreatitis after consulting a doctor, since an exacerbation of the disease is possible.

However, for chronic pancreatitis in small doses, berries can be beneficial. At the same time, it is important to remember that you cannot use them on an empty stomach - this can provoke an attack.

Is cherries good for the liver?

For the liver, fruits are useful in that they help remove bile from the body, and also have a diuretic effect.

Benefits of cherries for the kidneys

The diuretic effect of cherry fruits and the vitamin complex contained in them have a positive effect on the kidneys, normalizing their work and promoting the elimination of toxins.

Rules for taking cherries for diabetes

Only with type 1 of the disease, the fruits can be eaten. However, there are some peculiarities here too:

  • diabetics need to monitor the amount of sugar in the blood in order to establish the optimal amount at which the sugar does not rise;
  • the amount of berries per day should not exceed 100 grams.

The amount of sugar per 100 g of cherries is about 12 g.

Cherries for type 2 diabetes mellitus

With diabetes mellitus, you need to use berries with caution: in type 2 diabetes, their use is extremely dangerous.

Is it possible to eat cherries for gout and arthritis

For gout, arthritis, rheumatism and joint diseases, sweet cherries are useful both fresh and in the form of juice or decoction. It reduces pain and helps to strengthen the body.

Is sweet cherry good for the mucous membrane of the eyes

Cherry fruit allows you to maintain and improve vision even in old age.

What will help cure cherries

Cherry fruits are used in the treatment of many diseases.

With diarrhea, infusion on cherry fruits will help

The tincture is made as follows: 30 grams of dried berries must be pitted, chopped finely or ground in a blender, filled with cold water (one and a half cups) and left to infuse for 8-10 hours. Drink 2–3 times a day, 40–50 ml.

Cherries help with constipation

For constipation, eat fresh berries for several weeks in a row. Usually about a glass of fruit is required for the desired effect.

Cherry hypertension treatment

To normalize blood pressure, fresh fruits are also used in large quantities. Usually the recommended dosage is approximately 200 grams.

A decoction of the stalks will help with joint pain

Prepare the broth as follows: chopped berries are diluted with a glass of boiling water and simmered over low heat in a saucepan covered with a lid for 15 minutes (in the proportion of 1 teaspoon of berries per glass of water).

After cooling, the broth is filtered and drunk. The peculiarity of the broth is that it cannot be stored for longer than a day.

How to take cherries for anemia

Due to their high iron content, berries are especially beneficial for anemia. They can be taken both fresh and in the form of juice or tincture.

The recommended amount of fresh fruits is approximately 100-150 g per day.

The healing properties of a decoction of flowers and leaves

A decoction of leaves and flowers can act as:

  • anti-inflammatory agent;
  • antiseptic;
  • expectorant.

Is it possible to eat cherries while losing weight

Since the number of calories in 100 grams of fruit is relatively low, it can be used for weight loss. However, there are no diets that focus on this berry as a staple, since eating large quantities of fruits for several days can damage the body. In addition, in cherries, the BJU indicators, despite the calorie content, are strongly biased towards carbohydrates.

That is why, despite the fact that there are not so many kcal in cherries (52 kcal per 100 g), there are not so many diets focused on this berry. However, berry is popular as a weight loss product.

The popularity of berries for weight loss is also influenced by its diuretic effect, as well as the fact that with its help toxins, toxins and other harmful substances are removed from the body.

There are mono-diets that involve the use of 1.5-2 kg of berries, however, such an excess of the daily norm can negatively affect the body, so it is better not to consider such methods.

Typically, as part of the diet, a serving of berries replaces or complements one of the meals. You should not eat a large amount of berries one-time, the daily rate for diets is 800-1000 g.

Cherry leaves: useful properties and contraindications

The leaves are used both for the preparation of decoctions and tinctures, and for the creation of formulations and original masks that are used externally. In addition, the content of vitamin C in them is 2 times higher than in berries.

So, a compress from the leaves can help with:

  • treatment of cuts;
  • stopping bleeding;
  • treating skin problems.

What are the properties of tea made from cherry leaves?

Leaf tea can be used for:

  • strengthening immunity and preventing colds;
  • reducing puffiness;
  • normalization of the cardiovascular system.

Contraindications to drinking tea are the same as when taking the fruit.

There is no single recipe for how to brew such tea. So it is possible:

  • brew individual leaves - 3-4 teaspoons of crushed leaves per kettle (about 1-1.5 liters of water), pour boiling water over, leave to brew for half an hour, then you can drink;
  • mix leaves and tea in a 1: 2 ratio and brew like a regular tea drink;
  • add apple slices to the leaves if desired.

The benefits of cherry seeds

Cherry pits, as well as fruits and leaves, contain many useful elements. These include essential oil as well as amygdalin. The seed broth has a diuretic and anti-inflammatory effect.

However, it is necessary to use the bones for decoctions with caution, since the peeled bones contain hydrocyanic acid, that is, a substance with high toxicity, and can cause poisoning.

Why are cherry berry blanks useful?

Considering the amount of nutrients in cherry fruits, the ability to eat them throughout the year is very important. This is what the blanks are for.

Like many other fruits, berries can be stored for the winter in different ways - freeze, dry, make compotes and jam.

Note that berries that have not been heat treated retain more nutrients.

The benefits of dried cherries

Since dried berries do not lose their properties, the benefits and harms obtained from them are almost the same as the benefits and harms of fresh fruits.

A significant difference between dried berries is their calorie content, which is 4 times higher than the calorie content of fresh ones; accordingly, it will not be possible to effectively use them in the process of losing weight.

Frozen cherries: health benefits and harms

Frozen berries retain their properties, so the benefits and harms are the same as those of fresh berries.

Useful properties of cherry juice

Berry juice is used as:

  • remedies for stress;
  • a source of vitamin C;
  • a diuretic;
  • means that stimulate the work of the cardiovascular system;
  • tonic.

The use of cherries in cosmetology

Sweet cherries are often used for skin problems, and you do not need to eat them for this. For cosmetic purposes, it is used as a basis for various masks and scrubs.

Cherry face mask

There are many different recipes for cherry masks. With their help, you can improve the complexion, remove oily shine and blackheads. Here are a few of them:

  1. One of the simplest recipes is a mask made from cherry fruits and sour cream. The mashed berry is combined with sour cream in a 1: 1 ratio, applied to the face and left for 15 minutes.
  2. For dry skin, a mask made from berries and vegetable oil is suitable. Mix oil and grated yellow berries in equal parts, keep for 10-15 minutes. Apply a moisturizer to your face immediately after rinsing.
  3. You can make a mask not only from berries, but also from juice. Mix the juice from the fruits of dark varieties with peach oil and honey (proportions 2: 2: 1), transfer to a tightly closed container, leave to infuse in a cool dark place for 2 days. After application, leave on the face for 15 minutes and then rinse with warm water.

How to store cherries at home

At home, berries can be stored in several forms, each of which has its own conditions:

  1. Fresh berries are kept in the refrigerator. To increase the shelf life, you need to ensure that excess moisture does not appear, since this spoils the berries. The maximum shelf life is 7-10 days.
  2. Frozen berries are stored in the freezer. Before freezing fruits, you need to rinse them, let them dry and only then send them to the freezer. It is better not to immediately pack them in packages, but to let them freeze, put them on a board and let them stand in the freezer for 2-3 hours.
  3. Dried berries are placed in a tightly closed container and left in a cool dry place.

Cherry harm and contraindications for use

In some cases, berries are harmful to the body. So, if you overdo it with their number, you can get diarrhea or an upset stomach, and if you use the bones incorrectly, you can get very poisoned. There is another problem associated with the bones - you can simply choke on them by accident.

The main contraindications include:

  • individual intolerance or allergies;
  • gastritis and indigestion, as well as gastrointestinal trauma, including acute pancreatitis;
  • hypotension;
  • type 2 diabetes.

If you do not overdo it with the quantity or remember the contraindications, then there will be no harm from cherries.

Conclusion

In general, the benefits and harms of sweet cherries are incomparable - they have much more useful properties, including due to the vastness of the scope. Negative consequences can arise only if contraindications and individual reactions of the body are ignored.


Watch the video: Health Benefits of Cherries (May 2021).