For a long time, hens have been the main core of the Russian (and not only) national economy. These familiar birds are bred not only in large poultry farms, but also in small subsidiary farms of Russia.
It is no secret that two types of these birds are interesting for breeding: meat and laying hens. The most popular hens are combined meat and egg breeds.
Depending on what requirements will be imposed on the bird, you can subdivide chickens into simply laying hens and brood hens, which themselves incubate chickens. You should know the main characteristics that allow you to choose a quality bird for breeding.
- A potentially good laying hen has a significant gap of about ten centimeters between the breast and pubic bones.
- The most productive birds, whose egg production is at a consistently high level, "go away" to molt as late as possible, which prolongs the period during which the hens are actively carried.
- Good egg productivity is shown by outbred birds. The number of eggs may slightly decrease, but then their quality and weight will increase.
Despite the fact that at the moment there are a significant number of breeds of laying hens, several time-tested varieties are particularly popular, which are perfectly adapted to the climatic conditions of Russia and do not require significant care at home. In addition, such a bird is resistant to disease and allows you to get high-quality, healthy and strong young animals at home.
How to keep laying hens
The most popular breeds: names, descriptions and photos
The best breeds of laying hens over the years are the following:
- broken brown
- Kuchin’s anniversary,
- Highsex Brown.
It is these breeds that most often receive positive reviews and are most in demand among poultry farmers.
In subsidiary farms of Russia, laying hens are most often bred. Under the conditions of detention, the average chicken lays a pair of eggs in three days. It is worth remembering that the diversity of the food supply and the conditions of detention primarily affect the egg production of birds.
Laying Broken Brown
A very popular breed of chickens in our country. The maintenance of this bird does not require special conditions. Broken brown give 300-320 eggs per year. The eggs are large, weighing a little more than sixty grams, the shell is evenly colored in brown.
The egg laying rate of the broken brown is stable and high, occurs at the age of 135 days. The period of active egg laying lasts about eighty days, and then productivity decreases and the question arises of the advisability of further keeping the bird.
The main advantage of the Broken Brown breed is a very high level of viability of the chicks, which reaches about 98%. Cross-broken brown is a very highly profitable breed in terms of the percentage of maintenance costs and income from a large egg. The main disadvantages of broken brown can perhaps be attributed to the need for selective breeding if you want to get young stock with the dominant best qualities of the breed. Renovation of the Broken Brown farm requires the acquisition of young animals at specialized poultry stations or farms that breed pedigree birds.
The content of the hens of the Leghorn breed is as simple as possible. The bird is famous not only for its high performance indicators, but also for its unpretentiousness. The greatest number of positive reviews is associated with white leggorn. These sought-after laying hens are aboutThey are characterized by good egg production, which begins in the eighteenth week of life. The dominant feature of white leggorn is large eggs with a white shell. At the stage of intensive oviposition, leghorns bring about 300 eggs per year. However, after the first year, the egg production of birds decreases markedly.
The dominant features of leggorn chickens are a light wedge-shaped body, a long neck and a deep, fairly wide chest. Leghorn is also characterized by a voluminous stomach and a high density of plumage, which can be not only white, but also black, motley, and also golden.
The lack of a breeding instinct can be considered a disadvantage of the breed, which requires the use of incubators that will allow you to bring out healthy and strong young animals.
Haysex Brown Layers
The breed Highsex Brown (brown color) is very common and according to reviews it occupies the third position in the ranking of the most popular laying hens. Haysex browns are a hybrid of white leghorn. This breed is distinguished by a good meat indicator and high egg production, which is due to the dominant variety of Leghorn. Standard egg production lasts about eighty weeks and amounts to more than 300 eggs per year.
Brown or red Highsex chickens are very large and have a large weight and low cholesterol. This is exactly what makes the Highsex Brown breed in demand in our country.
Hysex Brown is a more specialized, but more popular hybrid compared to Hysex White. The dominant plumage of the breed is represented by brown color with white tips. Both hybrids are very unpretentious and show high egg production regardless of climatic conditions.
Laying Kuchinsky anniversary
Kuchinsky laying hens were bred by breeders of a poultry farm Kuchinsky in the Moscow region on the basis of meat and egg types of chickens. Kuchin chickens are bred on the basis of several breeds, including red Rhode Island, Red New Hampshire, Australorp and Plymouthrok. Good dominant indicators of foreign producers had a positive effect on the breed, and Kuchin hens became very popular in our country.
Kuchin hens can have brown or golden plumage, which is why they are sometimes called red. The main stage of egg production occurs at six months. The eggs are large enough, and the dominant shell color is light brown with a pinkish tint.
We also offer you to read an article in which we talk about the rules for growing broilers at home.
Other good breeds of laying hens
A very interesting description of the egg production is less popular in our country, but promising breeds of chickens.
The plumage of these laying hens is slightly silver with black; the medium-sized head has a slightly curved beak. The Adler silver breed was bred in the Krasnodar Territory and perfectly adapts to the most difficult climatic conditions. Layers are unpretentious to the conditions of feeding and perfectly adapt to any changes in the diet. The egg production in silver Adler breed is consistently high, the eggs are medium in size. The dominant features of the rocks involved in breeding silver Adler hens are well preserved.
Moscow black was obtained as a result of crossing leggorn, Yurlovsky hens and New Hampshire, from which it received such dominant features as great productivity and unpretentiousness. Moscow Black adapts perfectly to severe weather conditions and is undemanding in content and feeding. The breed got its name due to the beautiful plumage of black. Layers of the Moscow black breed are very common in household plots. These chickens show not only high egg production, but also excellent taste qualities of meat. The average egg production of Moscow black is about 220 eggs per year. The eggs are of medium weight and brown shell color.
The Russian white bird was obtained as a result of crossing the leggorn breed and native chickens. Until recently, it was such layers that were mainly bred by poultry farmers in our country, including on an industrial scale. At present, Russian white is most often found in private poultry houses, since in the poultry farms this laying hen cannot compete with foreign leggors. However, Russian breeders continue to work on the breed Russian White, which gives hope for an improvement in its egg production and endurance.
Regardless of which breed of chickens will be chosen, it should be remembered that only the correct organization of feeding and keeping will allow us to expect the maximum number of eggs from the bird and preserve the health of the entire number of laying hens.