Residential buildings erected outside the city limits are called differently, often one concept is mixed with another, and there is no clear boundary between some names. Nevertheless, several criteria can be distinguished at the base of the division, the first and, probably, the main of which is the mode of residence - permanent or temporary.
It was originally intended for living in the warm season, when the temperature does not drop below several degrees below zero. The most common building materials for country houses are frame structures, 100-150 mm timber, or small-diameter logs. Usually country houses have a small (up to 80 m2) square.
The temporary residence also determines such differences of country houses as simplified sewerage, water supply, the absence of a heating system and important types of communications with permanent residence.
This is usually called residential buildings for permanent residence. They have constant heating, functioning in cold weather, due to which it is warm in a country house even when there is 40 ° of frost outside.
The choice of materials from which structures of this type are being built is wide, it can be a beam with a diameter of more than 200 mm, cylindrical (chopped) logs with a diameter of at least 240 mm, brick, foam blocks, etc.
In recent decades, the term "cottage" has come into use, the meaning of which is not always interpreted equally. The cottage is usually more suitable for seasonal living, although in it, if there are sources of heat inside, you can maintain a comfortable mode and in conditions of not very severe winters (up to -15 ° ... -25 °). The modern cottages have all the necessary amenities. For the construction of walls, a beam with a diameter of 150-200 mm, rounded (chopped) logs having 200-240 mm in diameter, brick, foam blocks and other materials are used. The average area of cottages is about 100-150 m2.
It is sometimes emphasized that an important feature of a cottage is that its communications are part of a unified communication system of the cottage village, which is monitored by a special service, and the owner does not exercise control functions, as is the case with a country house.
In one cottage several families can live.
One of the types of country houses is a mansion, as they often call large residential buildings, standing somewhat apart from other residential buildings.
Representatives of one family own the mansion, which, however, does not mean that they live in it permanently, but in their absence, security guards and maintenance personnel look after the mansion.
It is right to call a manor a mansion with a large plot of land on which a park, a garden or alleys can be laid out.
We are building a manor
Important nuances about materials
From the foregoing, it is easy to understand how important it is to take into account the purpose of building a house (permanent / temporary residence) for the correct choice of material and device of all communications and amenities. We give a simple example. For a country house, a tree is an excellent choice. One of the reasons - a wooden house can be quickly heated during the next short run. And to get warmer in a brick house, it will take much longer. When heated, droplets of moisture form in the brick wall, which penetrate the cracks.
When the heating is turned off (what happens when you return to the city), the water will freeze, widening the cracks. Therefore, the brick is better suited for a country house in which they live constantly.
Differences in climatic conditions of a country house and a country house determine the choice of materials for interior elements, such as stairs, which can be found here / dachniy-dom / lestnitsa-dlya-dachnogo-doma-chto-nado-znat-dlya-pravilnogo-vibora